il y a un jour
15:21可以搜索公号【璐璐的英文小酒馆】或者添加【luluxjg】查看文稿和其他精彩内容哦~ 中国烹饪法 – KeywordWet techniques 湿热烹调法Quick immersion：快速版Quick boiling 汆 （汆丸子）Blanching 焯 （焯水）Prolonged immersion：慢速版Braising 烧 （红烧肉） Steam stewing 焖 （豆角焖面）Gradual simmering 炖 （铁锅炖大鹅）Bake stewing 煨 （瓦罐煨汤）Steaming：蒸*Steam-pot chicken汽锅鸡Dry techniques 干热烹调法Air-based：空气版Baking/Roasting 烤 （烤鸭/烤乳猪）Grilling 炙烤 （炙子烤肉）Smoking 熏 （熏腊肉）Oil-based：有油版Deep frying 炸 （炸丸子）Pan frying 煎 （煎豆腐）Stir frying 炒 （清炒时蔬）Flash frying 爆 （爆炒鱿鱼）Without heat无加热烹调法Dressing 拌Marinating 腌 Pickling 酱Jellifying 冻
11:31可以搜索公号【璐璐的英文小酒馆】或者添加【luluxjg】咨询课程or加入社群，查看文稿和其他精彩内容哦~ When Wilson had gone, Holmes turned to me. “Well, Watson,” he asked. “What do you think?”“I have no idea,” I answered. “It is very strange. What are you going to do?”“Go hear some music,” replied Holmes. “There is a violin concert at St. James’s Hall this afternoon. Come along. We have time to make a stop on the way.”We took the underground train to Aldersgate. A short walk, and we were in Coburg Square.One of the corner houses wore a sign that read “J. B. Wilson.” Holmes stopped in front of the house. He thumped on the pavement with his stick. He pounded in two or three more spots. Then he walked up and knocked on the door.Mr. Wilson’s helper answered. He was a bright, clean looking young man.“So sorry to bother you,” said Holmes. “But can you tell me how to get to the Strand?”“Third right, fourth left,” the young man answered. He closed the door.“That,” said Holmes as we walked away, “is the fourth smartest man in London. I have seen him before. Did you get a look at his knees?”“What about his knees?” I asked. “What do you know, Holmes? Why did you hit the pavement like that?”“My dear Watson,” said Holmes. “This is no time to talk. This is the time to look. Let’s see what lies behind this quiet street.” We turned the corner.To my surprise, we found ourselves on a busy street. “Let’s see,” said Holmes. “There’s a cigar store. And there’s the City Bank. And there is a restaurant. Hmm, yes …”He turned to me. “I’ll want your help,” he said. “Can you be ready at ten tonight? Good. See you then. Oh, and Dr. Watson. Do you have your gun? You had better bring it along.”He waved his hand. Then he disappeared.I got back to Baker Street just before ten o’clock that evening. Two horse-drawn cabs were waiting outside. Inside, I found two men with Holmes.”“Ah! We are all here now!” Holmes said. “You know Inspector Jones of Scotland Yard, don’t you, Watson? And this is Mr. Merryweather.”Mr. Merryweather was long, thin, and sad-faced. He wore a very shiny top hat. He did not look at all happy. “This had better not be a waste of time,” he said. “I’m missing my Saturday night card game. First time in twenty years.”Holmes laughed. “You’ll play a more exciting game tonight,” he said. “You, Mr. Merryweather, stand to win or lose thirty thousand pounds. And you, Mr. Jones? You will get your man.”“That’s right!” cried Inspector Jones. “John Clay. Killer. Robber. He’s a young man. But he’s one of the most wanted criminals in London”“Yes—he’s quite a man, John Clay. The grandson of a duke. Went to the most expensive private schools. His head is as quick as his fingers. I’ve been on his trail for years. I’ve never even set eyes on him yet.”“I hope you will meet him tonight,” said Holmes. “Let’s go. Two cabs are waiting outside. You two men take the first cab. Dr. Watson and I will follow in the second.”
9:43可以搜索公号【璐璐的英文小酒馆】或者添加【luluxjg2】咨询课程or加入社群，查看文稿和其他精彩内容哦~Let's move on now. Now the baby is here.So.Let’s talk about postnatal care就是产后的. First of all, you don't have the idea of月子. 安澜, 听过月子吗? I have heard of that.You don't have the idea at all.No, not at all. Are there any rules about women? Don’t wash your hair, don’t get cold or whatever because you’re vulnerable, you can take a shower immediately.No. You can take a shower immediately. In many cases, they're probably encourage you to take a shower if you've been in labor for quite a long time. Oh, even the medical professionals.Yeah.Okay. And now comes the very, very, very important thing. How long is your maternity leave? New mothers can get 52 weeks of maternity leave. 那就是一年喽, 产假是一年. Yeah, 52 weeks. And how early can you start taking it? You can start 11 weeks before giving birth. So roughly 3 months, the last trimester. And the minimum amount is 2 weeks. What does that mean? Minimum amount, you have to take?You have to take 2 weeks off.Okay.But, generally in the UK, women won't be staying in hospital for that long after giving birth.How long would they stay in a hospital after giving birth?If all is well, if it was a very smooth birth, they could go home after about 6 hours, 6 to 24 hours. I see, if there are no complications and such. So let's get back dial back to the maternity leave. I’m just quite curious about that. When you say 52 weeks, how are the new mothers getting paid? Are they still getting paid? The first 6 weeks are paid at 90% of weekly earnings. The rest of it is paid at ￡172.48. That's so exact for everybody? Yeah, for everyone. Let me calculate, 172 for each week. Okay? They'll be slightly under￡700 per month. Yeah. So it's not a large amount of money. Especially if you were making a lot before. Yeah.I see, do they get anything I know in Scandinavian countries, you actually get like the whole basket of all these baby products, or when you give birth, do you have anything like that?
12:53可以搜索公号【璐璐的英文小酒馆】或者添加【luluxjg】咨询课程or加入社群，查看文稿和其他精彩内容哦~ Sherlock Holmes still lives in our old rooms at 221B Baker Street. I visited him there one day last autumn.When I entered the room, I saw that Holmes was deep in conversation with a fat old man who had bright red hair.I said sorry for interrupting and tried to leave the room so I can let them speak. But Holmes jumped out of his chair and cried “Come in, Dr. Watson!”. “Meet Mr. J. B. Wilson. Mr. Wilson, this is Dr. Watson. He works with me on many of my cases.” The fat man got up and nodded. Holmes sat back down in his chair. He put his fingers together. (He often does that when he is thinking.) He smiled. “Watson, I know you love strange stories as much as I do. Mr. Wilson here has just started telling his tale. And it’s one of the strangest stories I have ever heard.” Mr. Wilson looked proud as Holmes showed such interest in his story. He pulled a piece of paper out of his coat pocket. “Look at this notice, Dr. Watson,” he said. “You can read it for yourself.”As I took the paper from him, I took another look at Mr. Wilson. He was wearing baggy trousers, a dirty coat, a dark waistcoat with a large watch with a watch chain. Holmes saw me looking at the red-headed man and laughed. “Apart from that he went to China, he has done manual labour and does a lot of writing, there’s not much to say.”Mr. Wilson looked shocked and said, “how on earth did you know all that?”Holmes laughed as he said, “it is very easy Mr. Wilson. The tattoo above your right hand could only have been done in China. Plus, the Chinese coin hanging from your watch chain makes it even easier.”“But manual labour? It is true that I worked on a ship when I was younger.”“Your right hand is much bigger than your left. That shows you often worked with your hands.”“But…but….a lot of writing?”“Your coat’s elbow is very shiny which shows that you rest your arm when you are writing.”“I see”, Mr. Wilson laughed, “I thought you had done something clever but I realized that it was so obvious.”Holmes gave a smile and said, “Maybe, I should not be so honest otherwise no one will ever come to me for help. Watson, can you read out the advert?” “To All Red-headed Men”, I began to read out. “There is a job open at the Red-headed League. The pay is 4 pounds a week. The work is not very hard. To get the job you must have red hair. You must be a man over 21 years old. Come in person on Monday, at 11 o’clock, to 7 Fleet Street. Ask for Duncan Ross.” “What can it mean?” I asked.“Holmes laughed. “It is a little odd, isn’t it? Do tell us more, Mr. Wilson.”“I own a store at Coburg Square,” said Wilson. “It’s a very small place and recently business has not been very good. I used to have two helpers. Now I can pay only one. I can pay him only because he will work for half pay. I don’t know what I would do without him.”“Hmm. A good helper who works for half pay,” said Holmes. “And what is the name of this nice young man?”“Vincent Spaulding,” replied Wilson. “He isn’t that young though. Vincent is very smart, and I know that he could easily get more money if he goes to another shop. But, Vincent does have his problems. He is always down in the basement. He plays with all those cameras of his down there. He is mad about taking photos. But on the whole he’s a very good worker.”
11:21可以搜索公号【璐璐的英文小酒馆】或者添加【luluxjg】咨询课程or加入社群，查看文稿和其他精彩内容哦~ Hi everyone, and welcome back to Britain under the microscope. 欢迎回来【闲话英伦】. Hi安澜. Hi, Lulu. Hi, everyone.Now before we start, I just wanna say this is a special episode that we want to dedicate to one of our dearest friends and partners, Jenny.Congratulations, Jenny.可能对于不太了解我们的小伙伴, 不知道我们一个重要的酒馆的合作伙伴, 也是我们的特别好的朋友Jenny 咩咩, 她是刚当上了妈妈, 刚晋升成为妈妈了, congratulations, congratulations!Yeah~Now I thought to dedicate this to her, I thought we can talk about something relating to having babies, although neither 安澜 and I have a kid, I thought we can talk about what having babies is like in the UK.Well. Absolutely.Especially considering a lot of our listeners are Moms or Dads.Yes.I’m pretty sure you'd be curious to compare what it is like having a kid, having a baby in China and having a kid elsewhere.Yes.Like in the UK.Okay. First of all, the biology remains exactly the same.Oh, come on.Let's start from the very beginning. Not from the very beginning. No, not from the very beginning. No, yeah. The conception is... we're not going to talk about that.No, no. Let's kind of just yeah, ok. So, let's talk about a few months. Yeah. Let's talk about prenatal care. First of all, this is a very professional word. It's a medical word, right? Prenatal. So you talk about prenatal and postnatal.Yeah.Natal就是birth.Birth.或者prenatal, before birth, 这种产前的一些各种护理, 然后产后的护理叫postnatal.Postnatal and prenatal. So let's start first of all with prenatal.
11:53可以搜索公号【璐璐的英文小酒馆】或者添加【luluxjg】咨询课程or加入社群，查看文稿和其他精彩内容哦~ Okay, we've talked so much about the word dandy itself and also Beau Brummell, but still I think our listeners probably just can't really imagine in their mind’s eye how a dandy would dress, is it more like you have feather there and really like flamboyant, really out there, all the colors? No.OKAY.In the past, men would wear very bright colors, dandies would focus more on the material, design, and the overall fit of the clothes. They would actually wear dark colors. Oh yes, because before the aristocratic the upper class in Britain or in England would draw influence from the French court where everything's like puffy and bright color and really kind of out there. But...so dandyism actually made it a little bit more sophisticated. Oh yeah. People used to take the time because if you think about it in the past, people didn't really care about their personal hygiene. They didn't wash, because all they had to do was put on a wig, put on something bright, cover themselves in perfume and they're done. Whereas dandies would focus for hours on their hair. They would actually try to make themselves clean and they would focus on just getting the clothes looking just right. So it's... dandies are not trying to look effeminate. They're not trying to look feminine. They try to look like a very sophisticated men. Yeah, and it's the dandies who have had the biggest influence over how men dress nowadays. You know what it reminds me of, I don't know if our listeners have heard of the idea of 绅装. 安澜, have you heard of the Chinese words, 绅士的绅, 服装的装, if you check on Chinese social media or just any of the online store, you check 绅装, you will see lots of the stores, lots of the actual clothes. I think that is very much linked with dandyism. It's just fitted clothes and sort of bespoke, there’s actually a bespoke有一个定制西装的品牌就叫做MR Dandy actually in China. Yeah, I've heard about it. So is that the case. It is, and as I was saying before, the clothes that they wore are the clothes that we wear nowadays. So for example, they made trousers popular for men. OKAY. So what did they use to wear, skirts? They used to wear breeches. Breeches are shorts? Like shorts, with tights. Oh. So those pictures that you see was the French court. Yeah. SO they would have breeches that go down the knees and then they wear tights. 就是那种短裤. 大家看到原来法式宫廷那种puffy breeches, 底下那种紧身裤袜. Sometimes puffy breeches. But most of the time just very well fitted breeches. Oh Yes.of course .of course. So then they started abandoning those, and they started wearing trousers as we see today. Yes. And we talked about cravat became ties and they would wear dark coats which later became blazers. You know All of these stereotypes about British gentlemen how would they dress, it sounds like it started from this whole dandyism. I would say that's where a lot of the modern suit comes from, the whole idea of this is how a man should dress. What about the perfume? Did they change that, I... before it was just to cover the smell. But now they focus on their own personal hygiene more, so they probably use a bit of perfume but not too much. Sounds like a nice way to sort of like to change into, to be honest. Well. I don't have the time, but I do like the idea of men really focusing on how they dress, kind of get in their outfits right making sure that they're wearing kind of clean presentable clothes. I'm not dandy by any stretch of imagination. I would say you're more dandy compared to the average men. I do think a lot about how I dress, yes I do. I probably wouldn't call you metrosexual, 安澜, but you are getting there. Well I don't care about my hair sufficient enough to be metrosexual
8:05可以搜索公号【璐璐的英文小酒馆】或者添加【luluxjg】咨询课程or加入社群，查看文稿和其他精彩内容哦~ In Rome there was once a poor slave whose name was Androcles. Androcles was a kind young man but his master was a cruel man, and so unkind to him that Androcles finally ran away.He hid himself in a wild wood far away from Rome for many days; but there was no food to be found. Androcles grew so weak and sick that he thought he would die soon. So, one day he crept into a cave. Androcles was exhausted and weak with hunger. He laid down on a pile of leaves, and soon he was fast asleep.After a while a great noise woke him up. A large, ferocious lion had come into the cave, and was roaring loudly. Androcles was terrified, for he felt sure that the beast would kill and eat him. Soon, however, he saw that the lion was not angry, but that he limped as if his foot hurt him. The lion carefully sat down in the cave staring at Androcles with sad eyes.Then Androcles grew so brave that he took hold of the lion's lame paw to see what was the matter. The lion stood quite still, and rubbed his head against the man's shoulder. He seemed to say,--"I know that you will help me."Androcles lifted the paw from the ground, and saw that it was a long, sharp thorn which hurt the lion so much. He took the end of the thorn in his fingers; then he gave a strong, quick pull, and out it came. The lion first looked in pain but then when he saw that his paw no longer hurt, he was full of joy. He jumped about like a dog, and licked the hands and feet of his new friend.
11:35可以搜索公号【璐璐的英文小酒馆】或者添加【luluxjg】咨询课程or加入社群，查看文稿和其他精彩内容哦~ Hi, everyone and welcome back to Britain Under the Microscope. 欢迎回来【闲话英伦】. Hi 安澜. Hi, lulu. Hi everyone. And welcome back to the studio. Thank you. So how was your holiday? Really really good. Very wet, very cold, there were two storms in the UK, but I stayed at home .Binge eating and binge drinking Pretty much. I think all holidays around the world are pretty much the same, food oriented, family oriented, that's about it. Exactly. When I came back to china, I did find that my clothes were a little bit snug, let's say snug. That's better than saying I’ve got fat. So what are we going to talk about today?As I was struggling to put on my clothes, Okay.I started thinking about something from British history and I started thinking about the dandies. The dandies, the best dressers. 首先解释下 dandies, 你知道在中文里其实不是特别好翻译这个dandy. 我看过直接音译的叫 “丹迪主义”, 我也看过它被翻译成 “绅士”, 或者有一种直接翻译成”纨绔子弟”.翻译是也有点奇怪. Yeah, because a very specific type of men and it's got its own context, historical context. Yeah. I would also say, but even British people and English speakers don't really quite understand what a dandy is or what a dandy was. Well, I guess it's just part of the history. Nowadays nobody really says that, I mean would they say he's such a dandy, you wouldn't say that, would you ? Well, you would say he's such a dandy, but it's always negative. So what does that mean now if you say he's such a dandy. If you say he’s such a dandy, then you are saying he cares too much about his appearance. He worries too much about how he looks, how he dresses. It has the connotation of he's acting a little bit girly.okay, 精致男那种感觉, but you know let's dive in history and let's go back to the origin of these words and then let's start from there. Okay. So I would say first of all, that what a dandy originally was is very different to what we perceive them as today (okay). I would say that dandies were the original metrosexual men. Metrosexual. For our listeners you probably heard of heterosexual, homosexual, sapiosexual, but what is metrosexual? Do you know back in university when I was doing my translation degree, (yeah) we actually had this huge discussion, two-hour discussion as in how to translate the word metrosexual. It’s a difficult word to translate.Metro means metropolitan right? (yeah) City, urban life; and sexual, just sexual. Metrosexual的那个意思, 我们最后决定把它翻译成“都市欲男”或者”都市花美男”.
9:08可以搜索公号【璐璐的英文小酒馆】或者添加【luluxjg】咨询课程or加入社群，查看文稿和其他精彩内容哦~ This one will probably take more of a toll on your mental health, and also possibly your physical health, it’s called Naked Attraction.Okay. Is it restricted? It sounds like it's R or Triple-X, it's not adult content, is it? Let me tell you what happens and you can be the judge. Okay.It's a dating show.Called naked attraction? Where a fully clothed person is surrounded by six naked people in a booth. And their bodies and faces are gradually revealed with the chooser then getting naked themselves. I'm sorry this just sounds pornographic. Is quite pornographic and it actually got a lot of complaints because of this.Mhm.And the whole idea is for the people to find each other and then they go on a date, fully clothed.Are you sure you didn't mistake? You know. Like those adult sites you've been visiting? I checked this on wikipedia, I checked this online and this is what happened.And this is allowed to be shown on TV. Very late at night.But still...I know.Wow. And then the winner goes on fully closed dates. Well yeah. I think that's the prize. They could go on a naked date, but you know it's gonna be awkward in a restaurant.Whoever thought of this and have been watching too much porn I think. Yeah.Yeah, okay. But they're bound to be some reality shows that you can get on board with. I think.Well, if you don't really wanna see lots of naked people or watch a reality show that's around murder or sex, then you can always watch the great British bake off. We go from the extreme pornographic to the extreme wholesome.Yes.Fun for the whole family. Bake off. 一旦有什么off, 就是一个it's a battle.Yeah.Like dance off. Dance off, Bake off, Cook off. So it's a baking competition. It's a baking competition. The great British Bake off. I've heard this for years, it has been around for some time. It's been around since 2010. Wow~And it's a baking competition where judges go round tasting cakes.Sounds fun. I watched that.Yeah. Some of the winners actually become really famous and they become bakers and…Celebrity.celebrity bakers themselves. And this is actually what caused a massive interest in baking in the UK; and during the pandemic, lots of British people started to …Bake stuff.bake stuff. They start to get into baking.Same here, same in China. I think it's because the baking materials and ingredients are so much easier to get than like fresh ingredients that you have to get for everyday cooking. The baking you have flour powders and all that you can store, but the vegetables, you can't.That's it. So obviously 3 years of pandemic really boosted the show's rating. Oh yeah, very much. So. Do you ever watch cooking shows or baking shows?Emm, not really, not really, the one that I like to watch.This is going to be the boring stuff. It's not boring. Okay. There's not much violence or sex in it. It's called The Repair Shop. Are you serious? It even sounds boring. It's called The Repairs Shop. 就是修理店. Please don't tell me this is just a repairman fixing stuff.