Read about soil health research on organic farms conducted by the Organic Farming Research Foundation:
Dig deeper into Soil Health on the National Resources Conservation Service’s website:
If you're near Quebec City and are interested in participating in Professor Kallenbach's research, she is always looking for additional good field sites, particularly with areas of waterlogging, for research with cover crops!Guest bio for Professor Cynthia Kallenbach
Cynthia Kallenbach joined McGill’s Department of Natural Resource Sciences as an Assistant Professor in 2018. Her research integrates soil ecology and biogeochemistry to understand soil organic matter turnover and accumulation and microbial-plant interactions affecting carbon and nutrient cycling under land use and global change. She received her BSc degree (Geography) from Sonoma State University, California. She earned two MSc at University of California-Davis in International Agriculture Development and in Soil Biogeochemistry, and her PhD from the University of New Hampshire in Earth and Environmental Science. Before coming to McGill, she was a United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) postdoctoral fellow at Colorado State University.Credits
Host: Scott Beaton
Narrator: Karen Klassen
Producer: Karen Klassen
Editor: Jason Peters
Podcast oversight committee: Anne Kirk, Jason Peters, Kim Wilton, Tierra Stokes, Marla Carlson, Deb TucheltDisclaimer
The views and opinions expressed in this podcast are those of the speakers and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Manitoba Organic Alliance.Sponsor
Funding is provided in part by the Canada and Manitoba governments through the Canadian Agricultural Partnership.
D'autres épisodes de "Grain on the Brain"
Transition to Organics
45:33Resources linksCheck out the Rodale Institute resources, webinars and courseshttps://rodaleinstitute.org/why-organic/organic-basics/Education Coursehttps://rodaleinstitute.org/education/https://courses.rodaleinstitute.org/p/rodale-institute-transition-to-organicContact Nic for more information about accessing consultant services and takin the Education courses: [email protected] +1(218)789-1044 (based in Minnesota)Get some financial support during your transition to organics through The Canada Organic Trade Association (COTA) “Support Organic Change Fund”.https://www.canada-organic.ca/en/what-we-do/market-access/organic-conversion-support-programSponsorOur podcast is supported by generous donations, grants and sponsorships. This episode was funded in part by the Canadian government through the Canadian Agricultural Partnership, the Prairie Organic Development Fund and the Conservation Trust. MOA is also thankful for its gold sponsors, Millview Farms, La Milanaise, SeCan, Kroeker Farms and XiteBio. If you would like to sponsor an episode, contact us at [email protected] bio Nicholas PodollMidwest Organic ConsultantNic is a lifelong organic farmer, having grown up and farmed with his family on their certified organic farm in southeast North Dakota, raising small grains and vegetable seed. Prior to working at Rodale Institute, he worked in Extension for the University of Minnesota and North Dakota State University. He also served several years on the NCR-SARE Farmer Rancher Grant Review Committee. Nic is IOIA certified in crops and holds a Master’s in Agricultural & Extension Education from North Carolina State University. He is located in north-central Minnesota.
45:47Resources linksThe WADO annual report with its 2020 results can be found here:https://mbdiversificationcentres.ca/westman-agricultural-diversification-organization/You can also use their search tool to find the results from all the trials they’ve conducted over the past decade.Southeast research farm in Redvers SK also does lots of intercropping research:https://southeastresearchfarm.org/SponsorOur podcast is supported by generous donations and sponsorships. This episode was funded in part by the Canada and Manitoba governments through the Canadian Agricultural Partnership and the Prairie Organic Development Fund as well as our sponsors. We produced this episode in partnership with the Westman Agricultural Diversification Organization or WADO to focus on intercropping. WADO is an applied crop research group in Melita Manitoba with a producer board of directors, whose operating funding is provided by the Canadian Agriculture Partnership (CAP) and Agriculture Sustainability Initiative (ASI). Scott Chalmers is a provincial employee who manages the activities and research. Each year they publish an annual report, which can be found on the Manitoba Diversification Centre's website: https://mbdiversificationcentres.ca/You can find their new 2020 report & results and information about their annual field days usually held in July. They usually have 40-50 research projects, covering 2500 plots just at WADO and do lots of work over the years with intercrops, relay crops. They collaborate with commodity groups, AAFC, Universities, corporations, strategic funding initiatives, and private entities.Guest bio for Scott ChalmersScott grew up on a small mixed farm operation near Carroll, MB. Scott completed his B.Sc. (Honours) degree at Brandon University in botany and chemistry in 2004. Scott worked at AAFC in Brandon, MB as a summer student with the plant pathology team headed by Dr. Debbie McLaren. Scott also managed the non-profit South East Research Farm, located near Redvers, SK, for three years until spring of 2007. Scott started working with Manitoba Agriculture as a Diversification Technician out of the Melita-Ag office 2007 conducting applied crop research and demonstrations at Westman Agricultural Diversification Organization (WADO). Scott then moved into the Diversification Specialist position in 2014 and continues to manage the WADO research program. Scott resides in Reston with his wife Tanis and two kids. Scott takes an interest in homebrewing, and intensive no till gardening.
1:00:18The Bauta Family Initiative on Canadian Seed Security supports a national Participatory Plant Breeding Program - PPB - with the University of Manitoba that puts farmers in the driver's seat to select varieties that are adaptive to their organic growing conditions, and their climates. To find out more about this innovative work, please visit www.seedsecurity.caYou can also learn more about the PPB program on the University of Manitoba’s Natural Systems Agriculture page:https://www.umanitoba.ca/outreach/naturalagriculture/ppb.htmlSponsorOur podcast is supported by generous donations, sponsorships and partnerships. This episode was funded in part by the Canada and Manitoba governments through the Canadian Agricultural Partnership and the Prairie Organic Development Fund, as well as through our sponsors. In this episode we’re collaborating with The Bauta Family Initiative on Canadian Seed Security, a program of SeedChange. Climate-resilient agriculture in Canada requires that farmers are engaged in every aspect of food production, and that includes plant breeding. Since 2013, The Bauta Family Initiative on Canadian Seed Security has been supporting a national Participatory Plant Breeding Program - PPB - with the University of Manitoba that puts farmers in the driver's seat to select varieties that are adaptive to their organic growing conditions, and their climates. To find out more about this innovative work, please visit www.seedsecurity.caGuest bio for Iain StoroskoIain is currently doing a Masters of Geography at Carleton University, focusing his thesis in areas of agricultural geography and agricultural development. He comes from a background in environmental science and through his undergrad was strongly swayed towards the areas of sustainable agricultural production, food security, and food sovereignty. He has worked as well in seed breeding and plot research in Ontario, Saskatchewan, and Quebec. His current research focuses on farmer-researcher participatory programs for crop development. His research is supported through a MITACS internship with the organization SeedChange to review their Participatory Plant Breeding (PPB) program, funding provided by the Organic Farming Research Foundation. Outside of school he enjoys hiking, biking, skiing, playing music, and experimenting with his own small organic growing. Guest bio for Aabir DeyAabir developed his passion for seeds while he was completing his Sustainable Farming Certificate at Everdale, a teaching farm in Hillsburgh, Ontario, and supporting research trials for Seeds of Diversity's collection of over 3,000 different Canadian seed varieties. After completing a Master of Environmental Studies at York University, researching organic seed systems in Ontario, Aabir joined the The Bauta Family Initiative on Canadian Seed Security, as Regional Program Coordinator for Ontario. Aabir has co-authored publications on Canada’s seed system including the Canadian Organic Seed Sector Environmental Scan, the Discussion Paper on Seed Policy in Canada, and Canadian Organic and Ecological Plant Breeding Priorities for Vegetable Crops. He has been instrumental in shaping and leading the training, research, and policy programs developed for The Bauta Family Seed Initiative. Aabir loves working in the field with seed producers and farmers all over Canada, and is thrilled to continue to steward The Bauta Family Seed Initiative at a national level into the future. Aabir works remotely from Guelph, Ontario.
53:50Resources linksCheck out Dr. Kris Nichols’ website to learn more about her work and soil health resources:https://kris-systems.com/She has a method in her Resources section for COLLECTING SOIL AGGREGATES AND MEASURING AGGREGATE STABILITYhttps://www.cog.ca/every-day-should-be-world-soil-day/For more about the Canadian Organic Growers “Canadian Access Project”:https://www.cog.ca/the-canadian-access-project/The Canadian Organic Growers are looking for participants in the Canadian Access ProjectWe are looking for organic pea, oat, beef, carrot, and blueberry producers who would like to discuss supply chain barriers for these commodities. Also, we are looking for participants from these five supply chains as well as other organic producers who are interested in assessing the impacts of organic production on ecosystem services particularly carbon sequestration.Participants will form a producer committee, which will meet virtually about 3-4 times in 2021 and participate in an interview and 2-3 virtual meetings summarizing the data collected from the interviews through March 2022. If desired, producers could just participate in the interviews and follow-up meetings. We are targeting producers that have 1 or more soil tests including organic matter or organic carbon values and are willing to share their anonymized data for analysis and modeling.https://www.cog.ca/the-canadian-access-project/ and https://www.realagriculture.com/2020/09/canadian-organic-growers-project-seeks-to-build-made-in-canada-supply-chains/If you are interested or want me information about the project, contact Kris Nichols at [email protected] .SponsorOur podcast is supported by generous donations and sponsorships. This episode was funded in part by the Canada and Manitoba governments through the Canadian Agricultural Partnership and the Prairie Organic Development Fund, as well as through our sponsors; Millview Farms and XiteBio - a dynamic biotechnology company engaged in microbial technology and agri-inputs. You can learn more about their products at xitebio.caGuest bio Dr. Kris Nichols is a leader in the movement to regenerate soils for healthy crops, food, people and the planet. She is the Research Director at MyLand Company LLC in Phoenix, AZ. She is also the founder and principal scientist of KRIS (Knowledge for Regeneration and Innovation in Soils) Systems Education & Consultation; Soil Microbiology Research Advisor with the Food Water Wellness Foundation in Olds, Alberta; Research Director with Carbon Sync in Freemantle, Western Australia; and Soil Health Consultant with COG (Canadian Organic Growers) in Ottawa, Ontario. She is also working with Dr. Arjun Makhijani, President of the Institute for Energy and Environmental Research, on a project combining Regenerative Agriculture and Renewable Energy (RARE) to reduce the economic risks in transitioning to regenerative agriculture. Kris participates on the Advisory Board for the Real Organic Project; Scientific Advisory Board with the Savory Institute’s – Ecological Outcome Verification (EOV)program; Land Use & Agriculture Task Force for the HRH Sustainable Markets Initiative; and as a Soil Science Advisor with Health First. Kris’s voice is heard in a number of forums where she speaks about the value of healthy soil in food production systems, and I am really happy to have the chance to talk with her today.
Farmers for Climate Solutions
36:43Resources linksYou can get involved as a Farmer For Climate Solutions by going to their website and clicking on the Take Action buttonhttps://farmersforclimatesolutions.ca/Find more information about the newly released policy report here:https://farmersforclimatesolutions.ca/budget-2021-recommendationRural Routes to Climate Solutionshttps://rr2cs.ca/Manitoba Organic Alliancehttps://manitobaorganicalliance.com/SponsorFunding is provided in part by the Canada and Manitoba governments through the Canadian Agricultural Partnership and Millview Farms.Guest bio for Karen RossKaren Ross is the director of Farmers for Climate Solutions (FCS), a national alliance of farmers and farmer supporters advancing climate solutions in Canadian agriculture. Karen has a PhD from Western University and comes to FCS with experience leading a national program advancing policies and communications on soil, greenhouse gases and agriculture at Equiterre, a policy advocate and researcher on sustainable food systems in Canada, as a former lecturer in social justice and international development, and a project manager on a federally funded project in central Africa. Karen manages a vegetable, fruit and flower farm with her partner, selling their produce directly to daycares and farmers markets.
Growing Perennial Wheat in Manitoba
28:47Guest bio for Dr. Doug CattaniDoug received his BSA and MSc. from the University of Manitoba (Plant Breeding) and his PhD. from Wageningen University, The Netherlands in Plant Production Ecology. He has worked with herbaceous perennial for over three decades with emphasis on breeding and seed production. His current position is as Perennial Crop Breeder in the Department of Plant Science at the University of Manitoba with the breeding of intermediate wheatgrass and perennial sunflower for grain production as the major focus.If you're in Manitoba and interested in growing a small plot of perennial wheat on your land, you can contact him at: [email protected] more about the development of Kernza® and other perennial grasses from the Land Institutehttps://landinstitute.org/our-work/perennial-crops/kernza/You can watch the presentation right in the field here:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bBLq3pN51p8&t=1505sSponsorFunding is provided in part by the Canada and Manitoba governments through the Canadian Agricultural Partnership.
1:05:54ResourcesOur resource list this episode is directly from our guest Ward Middleton and includes the resources he has found helpful on his own farm. For farmers who may be interested in integrating livestock that they do not own, like winter feeding someone else's cows and are concerned about cost effective ways to make that possible, here are some articles I used: Assessing Chaff Feed Value: https://www.gov.mb.ca/agriculture/livestock/production/beef/increasing-cow-calf-profitability-using-chaff-and-chaff-straw-feedstuffs.html Value of using hay as a means of nutrient import as part of the "whole farm nutrient balance": https://newsroom.unl.edu/announce/beef/3004/16638 The Practical Farmers of Iowa: https://practicalfarmers.org/Not necessarily organic, but another organization that puts the bests interests of farming and local community first.https://practicalfarmers.org/2021/02/crop-livestock-integration-three-ideas/ Rodale Institute: https://rodaleinstitute.org/If you want to drill in, this is a page on their site that stirred me: https://rodaleinstitute.org/why-organic/organic-basics/regenerative-organic-agriculture/ And lastly, the POGI Green Manure Manual: a plug for a resource that is near and dear to me, which i used to help assess the cost effectiveness (dollar wise and nutrient wise) whether it is better to graze off a green manure / cover crop or to terminate it mechanically. Here, it states (in 5.3.3) that losses can range between 5-16% when terminating a green manure. And I have the fullest confidence in the people that put this manual together. https://www.pivotandgrow.com/resources/production/green-manures/module-3-managing-green-manures/#1467151887517-e674df54-5dbfGuest bio for Ward MiddletonWard and his wife Jo-Anne Middleton own and operate an organic farm in Sturgeon County Alberta.In 1994, at his family’s invitation, Ward and his wife Jo-Anne took over the family farm by purchasing shares from his father and three siblings. After dabbling in various specialty crops, they chose organic production as the way forward. Today, Midmore Farms near Morinville, Alberta grows wheat, rye, oats, barley, flax, canola, peas, fava, alfalfa, sweet clover and some nutraceuticals (milk thistle and sea buckthorn). The couple also custom feed cattle and tend an 80-acre woodlot – a contribution to future generations that enhances biodiversity and is already a haven for wildlife.SponsorFunding is provided in part by the Canada and Manitoba governments through the Canadian Agricultural Partnership.
48:30ResourcesFind out more about the CARA soil health lab https://www.carasoilhealthlab.ca/Want to get out on your field and do some measurements? The CARA soil health lab has some videos demonstrating water infiltration and using a soil penetrometer here:https://www.carasoilhealthlab.ca/gallery-1The NRCS also has great soil health and assessment resources.Methods to do a water infiltration test:https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/Internet/FSE_DOCUMENTS/nrcs142p2_052494.pdfAnd lots more tests to do for soil health assessment:https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/soils/health/assessment/Dr Zavala and the farmers she works with in Alberta recommend getting a soil health mentor! If you’d like to join their WhatsApp group to talk about all things soil, email: [email protected] Guest BioDr. Yamily Zavala has extensive international experience in restoring soil fertility and improving cropping systems. Her work is supported by an education focused on agriculture and soils. Her passion for understanding and improving the health of soils has positively impacted the local agricultural economies where she has worked. In addition to applied research projects, she manages CARA’s Soil Health Lab in Eastern Alberta(CSHL). The Lab focuses on the evaluation of physical and biological soil properties and allows producers the opportunity for hands-on evaluation of their soils.
Building Soil Carbon
43:18Resources linksRead about soil health research on organic farms conducted by the Organic Farming Research Foundation:https://ofrf.org/research/reports/Dig deeper into Soil Health on the National Resources Conservation Service’s website: https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/detail/national/soils/health/?cid=stelprdb1245890https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/main/national/soils/health/If you're near Quebec City and are interested in participating in Professor Kallenbach's research, she is always looking for additional good field sites, particularly with areas of waterlogging, for research with cover crops! Guest bio for Professor Cynthia KallenbachCynthia Kallenbach joined McGill’s Department of Natural Resource Sciences as an Assistant Professor in 2018. Her research integrates soil ecology and biogeochemistry to understand soil organic matter turnover and accumulation and microbial-plant interactions affecting carbon and nutrient cycling under land use and global change. She received her BSc degree (Geography) from Sonoma State University, California. She earned two MSc at University of California-Davis in International Agriculture Development and in Soil Biogeochemistry, and her PhD from the University of New Hampshire in Earth and Environmental Science. Before coming to McGill, she was a United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) postdoctoral fellow at Colorado State University.CreditsHost: Scott BeatonNarrator: Karen KlassenProducer: Karen KlassenEditor: Jason PetersPodcast oversight committee: Anne Kirk, Jason Peters, Kim Wilton, Tierra Stokes, Marla Carlson, Deb TucheltDisclaimerThe views and opinions expressed in this podcast are those of the speakers and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Manitoba Organic Alliance. SponsorFunding is provided in part by the Canada and Manitoba governments through the Canadian Agricultural Partnership.
All About Seeds
57:06Guest biosIrisIris Vaisman is the Prairie Regional Coordinator for the Bauta Family Initiative on Canadian Seed Security and the Grains Program Manager at Organic Alberta. In these roles, she has the joy and privilege of partnering with farmers, researchers, industry, government and various stakeholders to work on diverse projects. The projects aim to contribute to the resilience of seed systems and organic grain production systems. Before taking on these roles, Iris worked at the University of Manitoba as a research technician, working on research that included participatory plant breeding, cover crops, organic no-till, and soil fertility. Iris has an M.Sc. from the University of Manitoba in organic agronomy and an Hon. B.Sc. from the University of Toronto in Ecology.RyanRyan Pengelly farms and seed cleans organic grains and native grasses near Erickson, Manitoba. Ryan is a second generation farmer having returned to the family farm in 2014.Resources linksInterested in breeding your own seed or getting involved in the Participatory Plant Breeding Program? You can download some helpful tips and seed selection manuals here:http://www.seedsecurity.ca/en/programs/create/field-cropsFind out more about the Participatory Plant Breeding program at the University of Manitoba here:http://www.umanitoba.ca/outreach/naturalagriculture/ppb.htmlThe National Farmers Union has a campaign to support farmers’ right to seeds.https://www.nfu.ca/campaigns/save-our-seed/Developed in 2015 in partnership with COG, USC Canada, and The Bauta Family Initiative on Canadian Seed Security, you can learn more about seed saving by taking a vegetable seed saving course for commercial production:Learn about producing organic seedsLearn about commercial seed production including harvesting, quality, marketing, and breeding seedsBuild your own business following your own unique seed-farm business planhttps://www.cog.ca/ovsp/If you have any burning seed savings questions for Ryan, you can contact him here: [email protected] is provided in part by the Canada and Manitoba governments through the Canadian Agricultural Partnership.Additional sponsorship has been provided by the Bauta Family Initiative on Canadian Seed Security.