Buddhism for Everyone with JoAnn Fox podcast

Buddhism for Everyone with JoAnn Fox

JoAnn Fox: Buddhist Teacher

Buddhism for Everyone with JoAnn Fox is a weekly podcast that shares how to put the teachings of Buddhism into practice to be happier, more peaceful, or to become the spiritual warrior this world so desperately needs. JoAnn Fox has been teaching Buddhism for 17 years and does so with kindness and humor.

128 épisodes

  • Buddhism for Everyone with JoAnn Fox podcast

    Episode 125 - Making Positive Habits Stick, The Buddhist Way

    35:40

    The Buddha taught that small, good karmic actions lead to great results in the future, a powerful motivation for making even small positive changes in our lives. In this episode we look at the Four Powers of Effort, a process for making positive changes last. 1,200 years ago, the Buddhist Master Shantideva offered this Buddhist approach to lasting change and building confidence in his Guide to the Bodhisattva’s Way of Life. The Four Powers of Effort are guiding principles to reaching a goal by aspiring to who you want to become, creating a joyful process for change, and steadfastly sticking to it. The Buddha said that “with effort we have all attainments,” meaning we can do anything we aspire to with enough effort—even attain enlightenment!    The Four Powers of Effort Aspiration. A strong wish is fundamental for accomplishing an important goal. How can we best create a strong wish and harness the power of it fir change?  By visualizing the future self. We decide who we want to become and visualize it, preferably in the quiet of meditation. We imagine what this new identity feels like, what they do each day, and the positive effects they have on others and our selves. For example, if we aspire to meditate every day, we imagine becoming a meditator, the newfound peace, and less anxiety. Or you might imagine becoming a fit and healthy person, and you visualize a future self that exercises most days of the week, feels light in your body, enjoys active pleasures like biking with friends or hiking.    A shift in identity will follow changing our habits, but choosing who we want to become helps us understand what processes we need to adopt in order to become that person. (Emptiness of the self at work here!). The most powerful wishes come when the outcome is meaningful to us and is an expression of our values. Living in accordance with our values is a path toward happiness. Engaging in the positive process is a type of success that can reliably bring us satisfaction. External success may or may not be achieved. External success may not deliver the happiness we believed it would, but acting in accordance with our values will bring us peace whatever the outcome. Outcomes are invariably unpredictable, but good will come if we make positive changes.   “Identity change is the North Star of habit change” —James Clear   Steadfastness. What is the smallest, most manageable step you can take in the next 24 hours to move in the direction of your goal? Very clearly identify the first step, according to your capacity. Plan the step for the following day, and even at a certain time and place. Make the plan specific. The plan, “I will meditate tomorrow” is less likely to be fulfilled than: “I will meditate tomorrow morning after I have my coffee while still sitting at the kitchen table.” Try to make one small step toward reaching your new identity each day. If we diligently put these planned steps into action, from this steadfastness will come a newfound confidence. We will eventually be confident in our new identity because we have performed this activity steadfastly over a period of time.    Joy. Try to make the plan for change a joyful one. We won’t do what makes us suffer for very long! Adopting new habits will be challenging, but the experience can’t be very unpleasant. The spiritual path should be a joyful one if we are practicing correctly. Try to make your plan for change as easy and pleasant as possible, like setting out your meditation cushion the night before if you intend to meditate in the morning.    Rest. Rest is a power of effort. Plan to take rest and have a break. Also, when we have an unexpected rest (when we diverge from our plan or slip up,  don't feel that you have failed, you just needed a little rest from all that willpower!) Steadfastness means we are going in the direction of our dreams, not that we are perfect.   From Atomic Habits by James Clear: I will [BEHAVIOR] at [TIME] in [LOCATION].  Meditation. I will meditate for one minute at 7 a.m. in my kitchen.  Studying. I will study Spanish for twenty minutes at 6 p.m. in my bedroom.  Exercise. I will exercise for one hour at 5 p.m. in my local gym.  Marriage. I will make my partner a cup of tea at 8 a.m. in the kitchen.   If by giving up small pleasures great happiness is to be found,  the wise should give up small pleasures  seeing (the prospect of) great happiness. (Verse 290) —Buddha, The Dhammapada   Apply for a free life coaching session: To apply for a complimentary 30-minute life coaching session with JoAnn Fox (for the first 5 that apply in December) visit https://buddhismforeveryone.com/coaching  References with Links Buddha (1986).The Dhammapada: Verses and Stories. Translated by Daw Mya Tin, M.A. (Website). Edited by Editorial Committee, Burma Tipitaka Association Rangoon. Courtesy of Nibbana.com. For free distribution only, as a gift of dhamma. https://www.tipitaka.net/tipitaka/dhp/verseload.php?verse=290   Clear, J. (2018). Atomic Habits. Avery. https://www.amazon.com/Atomic-Habits-Proven-Build-Break-ebook/dp/B07D23CFGR/ref=sr_1_1?crid=1QMEEZSP01C91&keywords=atomic+habits+james+clear&qid=1640962723&s=books&sprefix=Atomic%2Cstripbooks%2C142&sr=1-1
  • Buddhism for Everyone with JoAnn Fox podcast

    Episode 124 - Mindful of Our Own Impermanence

    33:02

    Our modern culture tends to make us turn away from thoughts about death and even our own aging. Yet death is something that all of us, without exception, will experience. In Buddhism, there is a focus on coming to terms with our own death ans impermanence. This world is not our home,  it is said. We are a traveler destined for other worlds, other lives. By becoming mindful of our own mortality, that the time of our death is uncertain, and even that we might die today, we develop a great urgency for spiritual practice. In this episode we look at the many benefits of and do a meditation on a death. Paradoxically, this meditation gives us a great zest for life, and we can do it quite joyfully.   Benefits of mindfulness of death   Our spiritual practice becomes powerful and pure We engage in spiritual peace  Buddha said that people would never fight or argue if they fully realized they were going to die. Reduced attachment  Gratitude for each moment of our precious human life  An appreciation of human vulnerability that leads to greater compassion for self and others  A diminished anxiety about death, the death of our loved ones, and dying in the world around us. This helps us to support others during their dying process and friends and family who are grieving  A reduced fear of our own death, which can help us die in a state of peace rather agitation  Greater zest for life    Atisha's contemplations on death:   Death is inevitable. Our life span is decreasing continuously. Death will come, whether or not we are prepared for it. Human life expectancy is uncertain. There are many causes of death. The human body is fragile and vulnerable. At the time of death, our material resources are not of use to us. Our loved ones cannot keep us from death. Our own body cannot help us at the time of our death. Only spiritual practice will help us at the time of death.    “Here I will live during the rainy season,  And here during the winter and summer.”  So the fool ponders Unaware of the danger. Intoxicated by children and cattle, That addict Is swept away by Death, As a sleeping village is by a great flood. (Verse 286-287)   Children, parents, and relatives             Are not a protection For someone seized by Death,            Relatives are no protection Knowing this,             The wise person, Restrained by virtue, Should quickly clear the path              To Nirvana, (288-289)   Apply for a free life coaching session: To apply for a complimentary 30-minute life coaching session with JoAnn Fox (for the first 5 that apply in December) visit https://buddhismforeveryone.com/coaching  References and Links Buddha.The Dhammapada. Translated by Gil Fronsdale. (Kindle). Shambala, Boston and London, 2011, pp. 73 (Link)
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    Episode 123 - Attachment To Self

    40:18

    In this episode we look at attachment to self. In particular, we try to identify what attachment to self is and how to lessen it so that we experience more peace and light-heartedness. To recognize attachment to self, we can contemplate extreme examples:   Extreme examples of when we feel attachment to self Embarrassment Excessive shame or guilt Reactions to criticism like anger or dismissing the person Strong pride or self-aggrandizement    In general, attachment arises when we perceive an object we find attractive and exaggerate its good qualities until we become glued to the object, such that we feel pain when we are separated from that object. Attachment to self exists because we perceive a fixed self and become attached to this perception of a fixed, inherent self. Some examples of these attached perceptions of self range from “I am a good person,” “I am smart,” and also “I am a bad person,” “I am a loser.    One way to lessen our attachment to self is to recognize that we do not exist as a fixed, inherent self. Just like all things, our self exists as an interdependent phenomena; our self depends upon causes and conditions, labels, and the mind appearing it a certain way. Our self does exist, just not in the way it normally appears, as fixed and inherent. Our self exists like a rainbow appearing in a clear sky. A rainbow arises in dependence upon rain droplets, the rays of the sun, and our location to the rainbow. We can never reach out and touch a rainbow, because it depends on our position in relation to it. Like a rainbow, our self depends on many causes in each moment of perception. Others see only a rainbow when they see us; their perception depends upon their perception, as well as how we appear to function. There is no fixed self to be attached to, to be offended over, embarrassed by, or anxious over!    This is a subtle and complex subject, so the daily mindfulness practice encouraged is to start by just trying to identify our attachment to self when it arises. You can feel the attachment when we are hurt by criticism, anxious, guilty, shameful, embarrassed, or prideful.  The meditation we practice in this episode is called “Taking by means of Compassion, Giving by means of Love” or Toglen. We use our own self as our object of love and compassion. Practicing love and acceptance of our ever-changing, empty self is a powerful way to weaken the attachment to a fixed self that causes us all sorts of problems. Let’s try to practice self-compassion and not take ourselves too seriously. Laugh at ourselves a little, forgive ourselves a lot.    Destroy attachment to self As you could an autumn lily in your fist Cultivate the path to peace The Nirvana taught by the Well-Gone-One. (285) -Buddha, The Dhammapada  Apply for a free life coaching session: To apply for a complimentary 30-minute life coaching session with JoAnn Fox (for the first 5 that apply in December) visit https://buddhismforeveryone.com/coaching  References and Links Buddha.The Dhammapada. Translated by Gil Fronsdale. (Kindle). Shambala, Boston and London, 2011, pp. 73 (Link)  
  • Buddhism for Everyone with JoAnn Fox podcast

    Episode 122 - Non-attachment

    40:27

    In this episode, we explore attachment and some simple ways to practice non-attachment. The concept of non-attachment is often misunderstood. For example, we still love people even while practicing non-attachment. We still have homes, jobs, and goals even as we lesson our attachment. Non-attachment does not mean being separated from people or things, but changing the way we relate to them. Lessened worry and anxiety, peace of mind, and more enjoyment are only a few of the innumerable benefits that come from non-attachment,   Benefits of non-attachment  Less worry Less anxiety  Greater enjoyment in relationships Contentment and satisfaction  Better mood Less stress  A more peaceful mind   What is attachment? Attachment arises from: Focusing on an object we find desirable, dwelling on it with inappropriate attention until our mind becomes glued to it, such that we feel we can’t be happy without it. Attachment is not desire. We desire many things in a positive, non-attached way, like brushing our teeth. What attachment involves is “sticky desire.” This type of desire is like sticking duct tape to a hairy arm; when it is ripped away it is VERY painful  (like when we are ripped away from our object of attachment).    We experience attachment to: Things Status  People Relationships Children Past  Future  Situations in the present being other than they are And much more…   Cut down the forest of craving, not the real tree;  the forest of craving breeds danger (of rebirth).  Cut down the forest of craving  as well as its undergrowth  and be free from craving.   So long as craving of man for woman is not cut down  and the slightest trace of it remains,  so long is his mind in bondage  as the calf is bound to its mother. —Buddha, The Dhammapada   References with links   Buddha. The Dhammapada:Verses and Stories. https://www.tipitaka.net/tipitaka/dhp/verseload.php?verse=283
  • Buddhism for Everyone with JoAnn Fox podcast

    Right Concentration

    33:02

    In this episode we look at Right Concentration, one part of the Noble Eightfold Path. In general, concentration in meditation is single-pointedness on the object of meditation. Like a laser, concentration eliminates distraction. When one attains a state of single-pointed concentration a unique feeling of tranquility accompanies it. Thus, there are two features of concentration: unbroken attentiveness on an object and a feeling of peace that arises with this absorption. When training in concentration, this feeling makes you very clearly aware that your consciousness has become more subtle. It is a beautiful experience, but generally it doesn’t happen every time you meditate. Enjoy it when it does!    Right Concentration is a particular kind of one-pointedness. A sommelier tasting fine wine, a sniper taking aim—both act with superior concentration, but theirs cannot be characterized as Right Concentration.Buddha used the term “Samadhi” to describe the type of concentration he taught. It is exclusively one-pointedness on virtuous objects with the intention to raise the mind to a higher, more pure state of awareness.    The ability to stay with a task without distraction improves study, work, sports, relationships…nearly everything. Buddha compared a mind untrained in concentration as like a fish taken out of water: it flaps about uncontrollably. Bhikku Bodhi said, “Such a distracted mind is also a deluded mind. Overwhelmed by worries and concerns, a constant prey to the defilements, it sees things only in fragments, distorted by the ripples of random thoughts. But the mind that has been trained in concentration, in contrast, can remain focused on its object without distraction. This freedom from distraction further induces a softness and serenity.”    Wisdom arises from [spiritual] practice;  Without practice it decays.  Knowing this two-way path for gain and loss,  Conduct yourself so that wisdom grows. (282)*  -Buddha, The Dhammapada    References and Links   Buddha.The Dhammapada. Translated by Gil Fronsdale. (Kindle). Shambala, Boston and London, 2011, pp. 72 (Link)   Bodhi, Bhikku. The Noble Eightfold Path. Buddhist Publication Society, 1999, pp 86-90. BuddhaNet. http://www.buddhanet.net/pdf_file/noble8path6.pdf
  • Buddhism for Everyone with JoAnn Fox podcast

    Episode 120 - Right Mindfulness

    28:32

    In this episode we explore Right Mindfulness, one of the Noble Eightfold Path. In general, mindfulness means awareness, presence of mind, or attentiveness. What sets Right Mindfulness apart from secular mindfulness is that it is taught as a skill that supports the Buddhist path to enlightenment. Mindfulness in this context is part of the eightfold path that leads to the realization of the four noble truths and the end suffering. In Pali, the phrase referring to Buddhist mindfulness is samma sati, which translates as “wise mindfulness.”Mindfulness as a factor of concentration helps us stay on our objects of concentration and penetrate the wisdom of reality, emptiness. Mindfulness also helps us to notice and maintain our daily life intentions to be kind, compassionate, and avoid harming others. Mindfulness helps us notice when we stray from Right Speech, Right Action, or Right Livelihood. Wise mindfulness has these particular goals and therefore helps us progress along the spiritual path.  Wisdom arises from [spiritual] practice;  Without practice it decays.  Knowing this two-way path for gain and loss,  Conduct yourself so that wisdom grows. (282)*  -Buddha, The Dhammapada  To apply for a complimentary 30-minute coaching session with JoAnn Fox (for the first 5 that apply) visit https://buddhismforeveryone.com/coaching References and Links Buddha.The Dhammapada. Translated by Gil Fronsdale. (Kindle). Shambala, Boston and London, 2011, pp. 72 (Link) Bodhi, Bhikku. The Noble Eightfold Path. Buddhist Publication Society, 1999, pp 70-85. BuddhaNet. http://www.buddhanet.net/pdf_file/noble8path6.pdf https://buddhismforeveryone.com/coaching/
  • Buddhism for Everyone with JoAnn Fox podcast

    Episode 119 - Right Livelihood

    32:32

    This episode dives deep into Right Livelihood, one of the Noble Eightfold Path as laid out by the Buddha. The Eightfold Path is a spiritual path that leads us to deeper and deeper levels of peace and happiness. Ultimately, following all eight of the Eightfold Path until our mind is purified of ignorance, attachment, and selfishness, leads us to enlightenment. When we talk about a path, it signifies a way that leads us somewhere. For anyone who has ever been given the wrong directions to a destination, we know there are things that lead us in the right direction and also in the wrong direction. When we talk about Right Action, Speech, or Livelihood, Right is meant not as a judgement, but pointing to behavior that leads us toward peace and enlightenment.  Right Livelihood speaks of how we can acquire wealth and work that still leads us toward inner peace and Buddhahood.    Right Livelihood also addresses a deep and pressing question: how do we integrate our spiritual practice with our everyday life? We spend ⅓ of our days at work, and, if we could make our work part of our practice, we would see progress so much more quickly. We would also lessen the stress we often feel at work. Right Livelihood can also increase our sense of curiosity and purpose at work.   First, Buddha explains ways of acquiring wealth that directly lead away from enlightenment and serenity. In the Vanijja Sutta (from the Tripitaka), the Buddha said, "A lay follower should not engage in five types of business.  business in weapons,  business in human beings, business in meat, business in intoxicants,  and business in poison."   Ultimately, Right Livelihood means we try not to avoid causing suffering through our means of obtaining money.  The Buddha mentions five specific kinds of livelihood that cause suffering to others and are therefore to be avoided: dealing in weapons, in human beingsa (slave trade and prostitution), animals (including raising animals for slaughter and meat production) in poisons, and in intoxicants.    The Thai treatise discusses the positive aspects of right livelihood. Rightness regarding: actions persons objects.     “Rightness regarding actions” means that we should fulfill our responsibilities conscientiously, not claiming to have worked longer hours than we did, pocketing what belongs to the company, or idling away time. “Rightness regarding persons” means that we are kind, honest, and respectful to people as we work: to employers, coworkers, employees, and customers. An employer, for example, should pay employees adequately, not overwork them, promote them when they deserve it, and give them adequate rest and vacation. Colleagues should try to help each other rather than compete, and speak kindly to one another and about each other. We should be honest and fair in dealing with customers. “Rightness regarding objects” means that objects being sold should be represented without deceit. With mindfulness, we can check how our work affects our mind. Though most of us have many jobs throughout our life, our mind goes with us to each one. I think it is more important to practice mindfulness and kindness at work than it is to “get ahead.” Our heart and mind will dictate whether we are happy or unhappy. We will not always be at the job we are at currently, but, wherever we go, there we are.    “Our vocation can nourish our understanding and compassion, or erode them. We should be awake to the consequences, far and near, of the way we earn our living." (The Heart of the Buddha's Teaching [Parallax Press, 1998], p. 104) —Thich Nhat Hanh   Watchful in speech and well-restrained in mind, Do nothing unskillful with your body.  Purify these three courses of action;  Fulfill the path taught by the sages. (281)  —Buddha, The Dhammapada   References and Links   Buddha.The Dhammapada. Translated by Gil Fronsdale. (Kindle). Shambala, Boston and London, 2011, pp. 72 (Link)   Bodhi, Bhikku. The Noble Eightfold Path. Buddhist Publication Society, 1999, pp  -56.  BuddhaNet. http://www.buddhanet.net/pdf_file/noble8path6.pdf
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    Episode 118 - Right Action

    26:59

    In this episode we take a deep dive into what Buddha meant by Right Action or conduct. Right Action is part of the Noble Eightfold Path, which lays out the gradual path to enlightenment. Right action means a abstains from non-virtuous actions of body, principally: Killing Stealing Sexual misconduct Abandoning taking life This refers not just to killing human beings, but to refrain from intentionally killing any living, specifically sentient beings means humans, animals and insects.    The positive aspect of abandoning killing is having compassion and kindness toward all living beings. We not only avoid taking life, we have heartfelt concern for the welfare of all living beings. The highest aspect of this is the Bodhisattvas path, with a commitment to attaining enlightenment for the benefit of all living beings so you can have the greatest capacity to help others.    Abandoning stealing (1) stealing (2) fraudulence (3) deceitfulness   Stealing refers to taking what is not one’s own through deceitful actions, cheating, or fraud.  Honesty is the positive counterpart of this, as well as contentment. The most eminent opposite virtue is generosity, giving away one’s own wealth and possessions in order to benefit others.   Abandoning sexual misconduct  To refrain from sexual activity with: Anyone who has a partner Anyone other than your partner of you have one Someone with a vow of celibacy like a monk, nun or priest Someone who haven’t given consent  Someone inappropriate due to convention like a close relative  Someone still under the of their parents, someone too young to give consent    The essential purpose, as was said, is to prevent sexual relations which are hurtful to others.    “The holy life at its highest aims at complete purity in thought, word, and deed, and this requires turning back the tide of sexual desire.” --Bhikku Bodhi   Watchful in speech and well-restrained in mind, Do nothing unskillful with your body.  Purify these three courses of action;  Fulfill the path taught by the sages. (281)  —Buddha, The Dhammapada   References and Links   Buddha.The Dhammapada. Translated by Gil Fronsdale. (Kindle). Shambala, Boston and London, 2011, pp. 72 (Link)   Bodhi, Bhikku. The Noble Eightfold Path. Buddhist Publication Society, 1999, pp 49-54.  BuddhaNet. http://www.buddhanet.net/pdf_file/noble8path6.pdf
  • Buddhism for Everyone with JoAnn Fox podcast

    Right Speech - Episode 117

    37:28

    This episode explores Right Speech, as part of a series on the Buddhist Noble Eightfold Path. In the context of the spiritual path, Right Speech is more than just an ethical discipline of behavior. Right Speech is a vital part of purifying our mind so that we can attain spiritual realizations and deeper levels of wisdom. Almost everyone in our modern society engages in some type of unskillful speech. Yet, our speech is so powerful to affect others. If our speech comes from loving-kindness, we can be a mirror that shows someone their beautiful qualities. Conversely,  our words can do great harm--harm that haunts that other person and negative karma that haunts our future. Becoming mindful and positive with our speech will lead to more inner calm,  happy relationships, and spiritual insights.    The four types of non-virtuous speech to purify: Lying Slander Harsh speech (abusive speech, insult, sarcasm) Idle chatter   Watchful in speech and well-restrained in mind, Do nothing unskillful with your body.  Purify these three courses of action;  Fulfill the path taught by the sages. (281)  —Buddha, The Dhammapada   References and Links   Buddha.The Dhammapada. Translated by Gil Fronsdale. (Kindle). Shambala, Boston and London, 2011, pp. 72 (Link)   Bodhi, Bhikku. The Noble Eightfold Path. Buddhist Publication Society, 1999, pp 43-48.  BuddhaNet. http://www.buddhanet.net/pdf_file/noble8path6.pdf
  • Buddhism for Everyone with JoAnn Fox podcast

    Episode 116 - Right Effort

    35:54

    This episode focuses on Right Effort, one part of the Noble Eightfold Path. Buddha repeatedly taught the importance of effort, for realizing the rest of the eightfold spiritual path depends on effort. In this context effort means energy directed toward cultivating the mind. The path begins with an impure mind and a wish to change; the liberated mind is the culmination of the path.what comes between is unrelenting effort. Here we focus on the four powers of effort, which teaches us how to make positive change unstoppable.    Time and again the Buddha has stressed the need for effort, for diligence, exertion, and unflagging perseverance. The reason why effort is so crucial is that each person has to work out his or her own deliverance. The Buddha does what he can by point- ing out the path to liberation; the rest involves putting the path into practice, a task that demands energy. This energy is to be applied to the cultivation of the mind, which forms the focus of the entire path. The starting point is the defiled mind, afflicted and deluded; the goal is the liberated mind, purified and illumi- nated by wisdom. What comes in between is the unremitting effort to transform the defiled mind into the liberated mind. The work of self-cultivation is not easy — there is no one who can do it for us but ourselves — but it is not impossible.   Buddha himself and his accomplished disciples provide the liv- ing proof that the task is not beyond our reach. They assure us, too, that anyone who follows the path can accomplish the same goal. But what is needed is effort,   4 powers of effort  Aspiration. Dream. Wish. You have to develop a strong wish to accomplish an important goal or personal change. Visualize yourself having accomplished it. In your imagination, feel how wonderful it is. Imagine what your life is like having attained this goal/change. Steadfastness. Steadfastly put these planned steps into action. Accomplish your daily goals. Decide what has to be done to accomplish this goal--according to your capacity. Very clearly identify the first step (what you will do tomorrow.) Plan what the steps will be the following day toward realizing your goal. Create a step-by-step plan. Joy. Your plan to change must be a joyful one. We won’t do what makes us suffer for very long! The path toward change will be challenging, but it cannot be very unpleasant. The Buddhist path should always be a joyful one if we are practicing correctly. Rest. Rest is a power of effort. Plan to take rest and have a break. Also, when we have an unexpected rest (when we diverge from our plan), don’t feel that you have failed. Steadfastness means we are going in the trajectory of our dreams, not that we are perfect. Through the steadfast accomplishment of daily actions toward your goal or personal change, confidence will naturally arise. Eventually, you will be familiar with this new way of being. You will have become a new person, with new habits and a new life!   3 Lazinesses (obstacles to effort) procrastination  attachment to what is meaningless or non-virtuous  discouragement    The eight practices of the Eightfold Path are  Right View,  Right Intention,  Right Speech,  Right Action,  Right Livelihood,  Right Effort,  Right Mindfulness Right Concentration.    Right Effort  Inactive when one should be active,  Lazy [though] young and strong,  Disheartened in one’s resolves, Such an indolent, lethargic person  Doesn’t find the path of insight. (280)*  —Buddha, The Dhammapada   References and Links   Buddha.The Dhammapada. Translated by Gil Fronsdale. (Kindle). Shambala, Boston and London, 2011, pp. 72 (Link)   Je Tsongkhapa. Great Treatise on the Stages of the Path to Enlightenment, by Je Tsongkhapa, Volume 2. (Kindle.)Translated by the Lamrim Chenmo Translation Committee. Joshua Cutler, Editor-in-Chief, and Guy Newlan, Editor, pp 187-197.

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