On this episode of Justice Matters, co-host Kathryn Sikkink, the Ryan Family Professor of Human Rights Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School, speaks with two veterans of the human rights movement, John Salzberg and Joe Eldridge. John Salzberg was the key staff member working with Representative Don Fraser to hold the first set of hearings about the US and human rights in 1973, and later went on to work at the Human Rights Bureau at the US State Department. Prior to 1973, human rights were not explicitly incorporated into US foreign policy. Also in 1973, Joe Eldridge founded the Washington Office of Latin America (WOLA), an early human rights NGO, to lobby for support and criticize US human rights policy. Eldridge and Salzberg worked closely for many years. Together they discuss the “golden age” of US human rights policy; the work of congressman Don Fraser; the creation of the Bureau for Human Rights in the US State Department; US human rights foreign policy under Presidents Nixon, Carter, and Reagan; and the legacy of human rights reports on the larger field of human rights. Be sure to check out Harvard' Kennedy Schools newest podcast, Policy Cast: https://www.hks.harvard.edu/faculty-research/policycast/more-indigenous-nations-self-govern-more-they-succeed
Weitere Episoden von „Justice Matters“
The UN Business & Human Rights Forum: Twelve Years and Counting
51:57Today on Justice Matters we take a deep dive into the UN Business Human Rights Forum, which just wrapped up its 12th iteration at the end of 2023. Co-host Aminta Ossom attended the forum and interviewed working group member Robert McCorquodale to get some background on the inner workings of the Forum. Ossom also spoke with long-time attendee of the Forum, Corinne Lewis, a legal consultant who has worked on business and human rights with organizations of all types, to get her perspective on how the Forum has evolved over the years. Together, these two interviews paint a picture of the origins of the Forum; how it has led to the development of a robust sector of business and human rights; the interplay between attendees from business, government, civil society, and rights holders; and the future of the Forum.
A New Civil Rights Movement
43:22On today's episode of Justice Matters, co-host Maggie Gates talks with Jill Collen Jefferson, a civil and human rights lawyer and the founder of Julian, a national organization based in Mississippi that works to attack discrimination in all forms through legal advocacy, organizing, policy, and innovation. With experience on Capitol Hill, at think-tanks, Organizing for Action, the NAACP Legal Defense Fund, the Public International Law and Policy Group, and big law, Jill brings a tremendous depth of knowledge and personal experience to her effort to build the future of civil and human rights. Together she and Maggie discuss: the founding of Julian, how they draw on international human rights movements to build their civil rights strategy in the US, why focusing on Mississippi is so important, modern day lynchings, and how building community is central to building a new civil rights movement.
31:15On today’s episode of Justice Matters, co-host Mathias Risse speaks with Daniel A. Bell, Chair of Political Theory with the Faculty of Law at the University of Hong Kong. They discuss topics from Professor Bell’s most recent book, “Just Hierarchy: Why Social Hierarchies Matter in China and the Rest of the World” which include: academic freedoms in mainland China vs. Hong Kong, what constitutes a morally justified hierarchy, what benefits might be found in a just hierarchy, perceptions of hierarchy and equality in the West and China, what can the rest of the world learn from China’s particular combination of intellectual histories, the role of international hierarchies, China and the US as global superpowers, censorship in China, as well as Professor Bell’s personal experiences serving as the Dean of Shandong.
The Age of Surveillance Capitalism
55:09On today's episode of Justice Matters, co-host Mathias Risse speaks with Shoshana Zuboff, author of the acclaimed book The Age of Surveillance Capitalism: The Fight for a Human Future at the New Frontier of Power. They discuss a number of topics from her landmark book including: the idea of surveillance capitalism, the harm of disinformation, the future of democracy in the digital era, the implications of AI and the likes of chat GPT, the status and expectations of government regulation, and where she sees hope for democracy in the power of the people.More information on Shoshana and her book "The Age of Surveillance Capitalism" can be found on her website shoshanazuboff.com. Her most recent paper, "Surveillance Capitalism or Democracy? The Death Match of Institutional Orders" can be found here.
Your Holiday Gift Guide with Human Rights in Mind
32:45On this episode of Justice Matters, co-host Maggie Gates, Executive Director of the Carr Center, talks with Sarah Zoen, Associate Director at Pillar Two — an organization that advises businesses on human rights due diligence — about how to navigate shopping for the holidays while keeping human rights and ethical business practices in mind. Together, they offer online resources, best practices, and other tips to help with your holiday shopping.Here's a list of the resources mentioned in this episode:2022 Corporate Human Rights Benchmark by the World Benchmarking Alliance provides a comparative snapshot of 127 of the world’s largest and most influential companies in high-risk sectors. Their methodology considers companies’ policies, processes, and practices to obtain an overview of whether companies are implementing key expectations of the UNGPs. It also considers how companies would respond to serious human-rights-related allegations.2021 Gender Benchmark by the World Benchmarking Alliance provides a comparative snapshot of 35 influential apparel companies on gender equality and women’s empowerment.Fashion Transparency Index ranks 250 of the world’s largest fashion brands and retailers according to their level of public disclosure on human rights and environmental policies, practices, and impacts.Between 2022-2023, Know the Chain benchmarked 185 companies from the information and communications technology, food and beverage, and apparel and footwear sectors looking specifically at forced labor risks in companies’ global supply chains.Be Slavery Free’s Chocolate Scorecard ranks companies’ level of transparency, how they fare on paying workers a living income, whether they use child or forced labor, and their deforestation and climate impact, producing an overall ranking.The UK Government runs a Modern Slavery Statement Registry. The Australian Government runs a Register for Modern Slavery Statements.
The Birth of US Human Rights Policy
29:42On this episode of Justice Matters, co-host Kathryn Sikkink, the Ryan Family Professor of Human Rights Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School, speaks with two veterans of the human rights movement, John Salzberg and Joe Eldridge. John Salzberg was the key staff member working with Representative Don Fraser to hold the first set of hearings about the US and human rights in 1973, and later went on to work at the Human Rights Bureau at the US State Department. Prior to 1973, human rights were not explicitly incorporated into US foreign policy. Also in 1973, Joe Eldridge founded the Washington Office of Latin America (WOLA), an early human rights NGO, to lobby for support and criticize US human rights policy. Eldridge and Salzberg worked closely for many years. Together they discuss the “golden age” of US human rights policy; the work of congressman Don Fraser; the creation of the Bureau for Human Rights in the US State Department; US human rights foreign policy under Presidents Nixon, Carter, and Reagan; and the legacy of human rights reports on the larger field of human rights. Be sure to check out Harvard' Kennedy Schools newest podcast, Policy Cast: https://www.hks.harvard.edu/faculty-research/policycast/more-indigenous-nations-self-govern-more-they-succeed
"Hot Labor Summer" and the State of International Labor Rights
29:36On this episode of Justice Matters, host Aminta Ossom interviews Jeff Vogt, Director of the Rule of Law Program at the Solidarity Center. Vogt is also the co-founder of the International Lawyers Assisting Workers Network, which brings together over 700 worker rights lawyers from around the globe. In 2022, he was appointed to the International Labor Organization (ILO) Governing Body and serves on the ILO Committee on Freedom of Association. Our host, Ossom, is a Lecturer on Law and Clinical Instructor in the International Human Rights Clinic at Harvard Law School, where she supervises projects focused on human rights and the global economy. Together, Ossom and Vogt discuss the labor rights movement, labor law, the right to work and the right to strike, and international human rights mechanisms.
Do Human Rights Still Hold Power in the World?
37:07On this episode of Justice Matters, co-host Mathias Risse speaks with Kenneth Roth, who led Human Rights Watch as its Executive Director for almost 30 years. Together they discuss the history of Human Rights Watch and Roth's reflections on his tenure, whether human rights still hold power in the world, how to bring about change in countries with abusive governments, difficult case countries, the future of human rights and democracy, and a preview of Ken's new book, Righting Wrongs. Roth is a Visiting Professor at Princeton and a Senior Fellow at the Carr Center.
Introducing Strength & Solidarity - A show exploring the tools and tactics of human rights movements
37:35Justice Matters will return this October. In the meantime, we'd like to share with you a podcast we think you will enjoy by our friends over at Strength & Solidarity. Strength & Solidarity is a podcast about the tools, tactics, and ideas driving and disrupting the human rights movement around the world. Host Akwe Amosu has over 30 episodes of interviews with human rights defenders form around the globe discussing ideas about how we use the language of human rights, how we build sustainable and healthy organizations, what it means to center respect and care in our movements, and asking questions about what solidarity is and how it can it be a tool to build stronger movements. We encourage you to subscribe to Strength & Solidarity as their new season starts this Fall. Today we’re going to play for you an episode that features a round table discussion recorded for International Women’s day in March of 2023 that features three feminist leaders assessing this moment in their respective fields. Akila Radhakrishnan, President of the Global Justice Center in New York, Hala Al Karib, Director of the Strategic Initiative for Women in the Horn of Africa, and Mary Jane Real, until recently co-director of the Urgent Action Fund for Women – Asia Pacific speak with Akwe Amosu about the state of women's rights globally. More about this episode from Strength & Solidarity: How should we describe the state of the global struggle for women’s rights? It is surely impossible to make a single overarching assessment– even as battles are won on one front, major challenges remain – or emerge - on another. Yet if it is hard to generalize about progress, we can at least note that conditions are scarcely favourable. To pick only three global trends - authoritarian rule, identity-based exclusion and economic instability - none of these help advance women’s freedoms. As International Women’s Day 2023 approaches, we invite three feminist leaders to assess this moment in their respective fields. For a list of supplemental readings and additional information about this episode’s content, visit https://strengthandsolidarity.org/podcasts/ Contact us at [email protected]
Justice Matters returns this October
1:30The human rights podcast Justice Matters returns this October with host Maggie Gates, Executive Director of the Carr Center, and a team of Harvard faculty members acting as rotating co-hosts, including Mathias Risse, Aminta Ossom, Rob Wilkinson, and Yanilda Gonzalez.