Habitat University podcast

Episode 04 – Aldo’s Tools: What’s Good for the Herd is Good for the Bird

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Everything from grasshoppers to a bison graze and can have drastic impacts on vegetation on which many other wildlife species depend. Unsurprisingly, many wildlife managers are therefore interested in understanding and using grazing animals to create the unique places where animals, or in the case of the blowout penstemon, unique plants, thrive. In this wide-ranging discussion, Adam talks to The Nature Conservancy’s Marissa Ahlering about how grazing impacts wildlife and how we can creatively use grazing to manage wildlife habitat.

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More on Marissa Ahlering: https://www.nature.org/en-us/about-us/who-we-are/our-people/marissa-ahlering/

Find Dr. Ahlering’s research here: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=86moVcEAAAAJ&hl=en&oi=ao

Including her research on cattle grazing and grassland birds. - https://wildlife.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/jwmg.1049

More on blowout penstemon - http://outdoornebraska.gov/blowoutpenstemon/

More on patch burn grazing from our friends at Fire U: https://fireuniversity.libsyn.com/episode-04-patch-burn-grazing-as-a-strategy-to-manage-grassland-communities

More episodes from "Habitat University"

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    S2 E1 - Habitat Management: Private Lands in Private Hands


    There is A LOT of private land in the U.S. and that means there are A LOT of challenges and opportunities for wildlife habitat conservation there! This season, Adam and Jarred will be joining guests from across the country to admire these challenges and opportunities thoroughly. In this first episode of Season 2 of Habitat University, they set the stage for the season and discuss what some of these challenges and opportunities will look like and how they’ll be exploring them in the episodes to come!     Help us improve the podcast by taking this Habitat University Listener Feedback Survey: https://purdue.ca1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_5oteinFuEzFCDmm   Resources and references mentioned in the episode:   Morgan et al. (2019) study that reports area of private land and numbers of private lands wildlife biologists in each state. Morgan, J. J., Rhoden, C. M., White, B., & Riley, S. P. (2019). A state assessment of private lands wildlife conservation in the United States. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 43(3), 328-337. doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/wsb.997   Overview of private lands wildlife conservation in the U.S. with reference to the 71% private land ownership statistic. Burger, L. W., Evans, K. O., McConnell, M. D., & Burger, L. M. (2019). Private lands conservation: A vision for the future. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 43(3), 398-407. doi:10.1002/wsb.1001   National Woodland Owner Survey from the U.S. Forest service with information on family forest ownership: https://www.fia.fs.fed.us/nwos/ The dashboard shows customized information for each state, including those shared in the episode: https://ffrc.shinyapps.io/NWOSdashboard/     Report on landownership statistics in Iowa. Zhang, W. A. Plastina, and W. Sawadgo. 2018. Iowa Farmland Ownership and Tenure Survey 1982-2017: A Thirty-five Year Perspective, Iowa State University Extension and Outreach, FM 1893. https://store.extension.iastate.edu/product/6492   Macaulay study that shows the impact of wildlife associated recreation on private lands management in the U.S. Macaulay, L. (2016). The role of wildlife-associated recreation in private land use and conservation: Providing the missing baseline. Land Use Policy, 58, 218-233. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2016.06.024   USFWS Report showing the impacts of CRP on private lands in the northern US on breeding duck production. Drum, R. G., Loesch, C. R., Carrlson, K. M., Doherty, K. E., & Fedy, B. C. (2015). Assessing the biological benefits of the USDA-Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) for waterfowl and grassland passerines in the Prairie Pothole Region of the United States: Spatial analyses for targeting CRP to maximize benefits for migratory birds. Final Report for USDA–FSA Agreement. https://www.fsa.usda.gov/Assets/USDA-FSA-Public/usdafiles/EPAS/PDF/drumetal2015_crp_prr_final.pdf
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    Episode 13 - Holiday Habitat Wishlist


    Not sure what to get the habitat manager on your list this holiday season? Have no fear! In this episode, Adam and Jarred chat about what’s on their holiday habitat wishlist. Take a listen and you are sure to find the perfect gift idea. You will also get a sneak peek about what’s coming up on Habitat University in 2022. You can find Adam and Jarred’s wishlist below along with some helpful links. Adam’s WIshlist Native Plants - https://www.nwf.org/Garden-for-Wildlife/about/native-plants Field Guide (Adam’s Favorite) - https://www.littlebrown.com/titles/lawrence-newcomb/newcombs-wildflower-guide/9780316604420/ Woodworking for wildlife - https://naturalresources.extension.iastate.edu/wildlife/woodworking-wildlife Cellular Trail Camera - https://www.trailcampro.com/collections/cellular-trail-cameras Good Books (Adam’s recommendation) - https://milkweed.org/book/braiding-sweetgrass   Jarred’s Wishlist Drone or UAV - https://extension.purdue.edu/uav/natural-resources/ Invasive control tools (Backpack sprayer or pulling tool) - https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/pdf/ABH_Tool_Info.pdf Gift certificate or registering for an in-person or online wildlife/habitat management course - https://www.deerassociation.com/steward/ Chainsaw or Prescribed Fire PPE - https://secure.caes.uga.edu/extension/publications/files/pdf/C%201148_1.PDF https://research.cnr.ncsu.edu/blogs/southeast-fire-update/2019/09/09/ppe-for-landowners-practical-clothing-options/ Drip torch - https://www.forestry-suppliers.com/product_pages/products.php?mi=15801&itemnum=85022   Disclaimer Reference to any specific commercial product, process, or service, or the use of any trade, firm, or corporation name is for general informational purposes only and does not constitute an endorsement, recommendation, or certification of any kind by Purdue Extension. Persons using such products assume responsibility for their use in accordance with current directions of the manufacturer.
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    Episode 12 - Habitat Management: Reflections from a College Classroom


    Adam and Jarred are joined in this episode by award-winning instructor, Dr. Liz Flaherty, to chat about teaching undergraduate students all about habitat management. Dr. Flaherty is an Associate Professor of Wildlife Ecology & Habitat Management at Purdue University. Take a listen to learn about the insights you can take from a college classroom and apply on your own property. Help us improve the podcast by taking this Habitat University Listener Feedback Survey: https://purdue.ca1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_5oteinFuEzFCDmm Dr. Liz Flaherty - https://ag.purdue.edu/fnr/Pages/profile.aspx?strAlias=eflaher The research Jarred mentioned about the value of CRP fields based on their distance from bobwhite populations. Private land conservation has landscape-scale benefits for wildlife in agroecosystems - https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/epdf/10.1111/1365-2664.13136
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    Episode 11 - Exploring the Challenges of Invasive Species


    Ask anyone what they’re doing for wildlife habitat and you’re sure to hear mention of the challenges of invasive species. From aquatic invasive species that restructure entire food webs of Great Lakes to carpets of exotic grasses changing fire regimes in the west, invasive species are everywhere. In this episode, Jarred and Adam first dig in on the science of invasive species and discuss the challenges they present for wildlife and wildlife habitat. Then, we feature short discussions with Dawn Slack of The Nature Conservancy in Indiana to hear about her team’s hand-to-hand combat with invasive plants and Bronson Strickland to get the scoop on invasive feral pigs in the southeast.       Help us improve the podcast by taking this Habitat University Listener Feedback Survey: https://purdue.ca1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_5oteinFuEzFCDmm This episode's guests included Dawn Slack from the the Nature Conservancy in Indiana (https://www.nature.org/en-us/about-us/where-we-work/united-states/indiana/) and Dr. Bronson Strickland from Mississippi State University (http://extension.msstate.edu/wildlife-fisheries-aquaculture/dr-bronson-strickland). From our discussion of invasive plant definitions, USDA’s definitions (https://www.nrcs.usda.gov/wps/portal/nrcs/detail/ct/technical/ecoscience/invasive/?cid=nrcs142p2_011124) and Grace College’s definition (https://lakes.grace.edu/native-non-native-invasive-species/). Learn more about the idea of the “Invasion triangle” we discussed in the episode with this paper: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1002/ece3.47 Download the paper from Iowa that discusses the characteristics of exotic invasive woody plants in Iowa: https://lib.dr.iastate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1082&context=ncrpis_pubs References mentioned in the discussion with Dawn Slack: Indiana Invasive Species Council - https://www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/index.html Southern Indiana Cooperative Invasive Management - http://www.sicim.info/ Find a Cooperative Invasive Species Management Area - https://www.invasive.org/cismas/ Invasive and Exotic Species of North America - https://www.invasive.org/ Learn more about invasive pigs here: https://www.wildpiginfo.msstate.edu/index.php Midwest Invasive Plant Network: https://www.mipn.org/ Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council: https://www.se-eppc.org/index.cfm University of Georgia’s Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health - https://www.bugwood.org/index.cfm Iowa State resources: https://naturalresources.extension.iastate.edu/invasives
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    Episode 10: The Roots of Wildlife Habitat


    When you’re managing habitat for wildlife do you think more about plants than wildlife? Yeah, us too. So who better to chat with than one of the nation’s leading researchers and educators on plant-wildlife interactions? In this episode, Jarred and Adam chat with author and University of Tennessee Extension Wildlife Specialist Dr. Craig Harper. Tune in for a masterclass on the importance of plants and plant id for all habitat managers. But, don’t worry, you don’t have to be a botanist for this episode; Craig gives some helpful tips for anyone interested in learning more about plants, wildlife, and habitat management on their land.  Help us improve the podcast by taking this Habitat University Listener Feedback Survey: https://purdue.ca1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_5oteinFuEzFCDmm Learn more about this week’s guest, Dr. Craig Harper: https://fwf.tennessee.edu/craig-harper/ Wildlife Food Plots and Early Successional Plants by Dr. Harper: https://nocsopublishing.com/ American Wildlife and Plants book quoted in the episode, a great resource, and where we sorta borrowed the title of this episode from! - https://bookshop.org/books/american-wildlife-and-plants/9780486207933 Flicker color and honeysuckle study: https://www.audubon.org/news/mystery-solved-invasive-berries-blame-turning-flickers-feathers-pink    2020 paper titled “Seeding is not always necessary to restore native early successional plant communities” that Dr. Harper referenced in the episode: https://doi.org/10.1111/rec.13249
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    Episode 09 - The Moneyball Problem


    What do baseball and wildlife habitat management have in common? Take a listen to this week’s episode as Adam and Jarred discuss what Adam calls “the Moneyball problem” of habitat management. They chat about how lessons learned from the best-selling book (and movie) - Moneyball: The Art of Winning an Unfair Game – can be applied to habitat management. Help us improve the podcast by taking this Habitat University Listener Feedback Survey: https://purdue.ca1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_5oteinFuEzFCDmm Resources mentioned: Moneyball: The art of winning an unfair game, by Michael Lewis - https://bookshop.org/books/moneyball-the-art-of-winning-an-unfair-game/9780393324815 Read a synopsis on the book from Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moneyball The famous, Van Horne paper, Density as a misleading indicator of habitat quality: https://www.jstor.org/stable/3808148 “Streetlight effect” - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Streetlight_effect Moneyball and Shorebirds - https://www.allaboutbirds.org/news/moneyball-for-shorebirds-how-precision-analytics-are-changing-habitat-conservation/ Rosy retrospection hypothesis - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rosy_retrospection Article about University of Tennessee white oak and fertilizer research project - https://www.deerassociation.com/for-more-acorns-dont-fertilize-oak-trees-maybe-cut-some-down/
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    Episode 08 - Aldo's Tools Revisited 88 Years Later


    Aldo Leopold’s defined his 5 tools of game management when he wrote Game Management over 80 years ago. But what tools did he miss, or what tools have been developed in the 88 years since the book was published? Join Adam and Jarred as they share their thoughts on the habitat management tools that should be added to the list. What tools would you add to Aldo’s list? Also, listen as Jarred tries to convince Adam that his toolbox analogy isn’t complete nonsense. Help us improve the podcast by taking this Habitat University Listener Feedback Survey: https://purdue.ca1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_5oteinFuEzFCDmm Hartzler, R. G. (2010). "Reduction in common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) occurrence in Iowa cropland from 1999 to 2009." Crop Protection 29(12): 1542-1544. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261219410002152 Rathfon, R. A., S. M. Greenler, and M. A. Jenkins. n.d. Effects of prescribed grazing by goats on non-native invasive shrubs and native plant species in a mixed-hardwood forest. Restoration Ecology n/a:e13361. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/rec.13361   Marzluff, J. M. and K. Ewing (2001). "Restoration of fragmented landscapes for the conservation of birds: A general framework and specific recommendations for urbanizing landscapes." Restoration Ecology 9(3): 280-292. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1526-100x.2001.009003280.x
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    Episode 07 – Aldo’s Tools: Aiming High for Habitat with the Gun


    Our tour of Aldo’s Tools comes to a close in this episode as we consider the last tool: the gun. From controlling certain game populations to engaging hunters in habitat conservation efforts in their own backyard or across the continent, Patt Dorsey, Director of Conservation Operations in the west for the National Wild Turkey Federation, breaks down how the gun does a lot of good for habitat in this wide ranging discussion with Adam. Patt’s long career in conservation and life-time passion for hunting offer insightful, and often humorous, perspectives on how the gun is a critical tool for wildlife habitat management!  National Wild Turkey Federation: https://www.nwtf.org Learn more about the Conservation Leaders for Tomorrow Program Patt, Adam, and Jarred all participate in to teach natural resource professionals and students about hunting: https://clft.org/ More on “PR Program” or more formally the “Wildlife and Sport Fish Restoration Program” as discussed in the show: https://www.fws.gov/wsfrprograms/home.html Hug a Hunter video from Colorado Wildlife Council: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2FTuNGX-VvY Help us improve the podcast by taking this Habitat University Listener Feedback Survey: https://purdue.ca1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_5oteinFuEzFCDmm
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    Episode 06 – Aldo’s Tools: The Plow Reborn, with Precision


    Through large expanses of the U.S., wildlife live alongside, or are strongly influenced by, the footprint of crop production practices; what Leopold was referencing when he spoke of ‘the plow.’ In this episode, Adam talks to Ryan Heiniger from Pheasants Forever about the challenges and opportunities for wildlife habitat conservation with ‘the plow’ and how a more precision imagining of its utility and place can be good for the farmer AND wildlife. Ryan is the Director of Agriculture and Conservation Innovations for Pheasants Forever, a farmer himself, and nuts about wildlife and wildlife conservation. From food plots to autonomous tractors, this conversation covers it all! More about Ryan: https://www.pheasantsforever.org/Newsroom/2017-June/Pheasants-Forever-Quail-Forever-Promotes-Ryan-Hein.aspx Pheasants Forever: The Habitat Organization: https://www.pheasantsforever.org/Habitat/Why-Habitat.aspx Pheasants Forever’s Precision Agriculture program: https://pheasantsforever.org/Conservation/Precision-Agriculture.aspx Link to the Iowa Geographic Map server with historical aerial images of farms back to the 1930s: https://isugisf.maps.arcgis.com/apps/webappviewer/index.html?id=47acfd9d3b6548d498b0ad2604252a5c Help us improve the podcast by taking this Habitat University Listener Feedback Survey: https://purdue.ca1.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_5oteinFuEzFCDmm  
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    Episode 05 - Aldo's Tools: Balancing on an Axe Blade


    How can the axe – or forestry – be used as a habitat management tool? Jarred talks with Jordan Nanney, a Wildlife Forester with the Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency, about how he uses forestry to creatively manage wildlife habitat. As you’ll learn in the episode it can really be a balancing axe {act}. Habitat University Listener Feedback Survey >> Resources discussed during the episode: Hardwood Ecosystem Experiment - https://heeforeststudy.org/ Short-term response of breeding birds to oak regeneration treatments in upland hardwood forest Managing your Woods for White-Tailed Deer Creating a Wildlife Habitat Management Plan for Landowners A Template for Your Wildlife Habitat Management Plan Iowa’s Forest Birds

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