Episode 526 Burying Nuclear Waste
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59:47Dr Sandy Greer is an activist in Blyth, Ontario, near the potential site of a repository for low-level nuclear waste from power plants. Erika Simpson is a professor of political science at Western University; both women, and Adam Wynne are concerned about the potential for radioactive dangers if the large existing amount of nuclear waste is buried in deep repositories. They consider it to be somewhat safer to keep the waste above ground in hardened containers until, perhaps, in a hundred years or so it will be possible to use a new scientifically established procedure for disposing of the waste. For the video, audio podcast, transcript, and comments: https://tosavetheworld.ca/episode-526-burying-nuclear-waste.
Episode 525 Rock Weathering
1:03:38Professors David Beerling and Noah Planavsky are both experts in the innovative practice of "enhanced rock weathering," which crushes rocks such as basalt and applies the powder to soil as a way of improving the quality of the soil and also capturing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and sequestering it. Planavsky is not only a computer modeler but also the founder of a company that farmers hire to apply this technology. We consider the financial implications of using this innovation widely. For the video, audio podcast, transcript and comments: https://tosavetheworld.ca/episode-525-rock weathering.
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Episode 524 Hochschild on American Midnight
1:00:51Adam Hochschild's new book, American Midnight, records the dramatic and deplorable phase of hysteria in the United States during and shortly after World War I. The details about the violation of civil liberties can only shock, for numerous instances were even worse, in Hochschild's opinion, than during the Trump presidency. The book presents numerous profiles and biographical sketches of prominent figures during the period; we discuss Woodrow Wilson, Eugene V. Debs and Emma Goldman. For the video, audio podcast, transcript, and comments: https://tosavetheworld.ca/episode-524-hochschild-on-american-midnight.
Episode 523 Religion and/or Peace?
58:37Nathan Funk is a professor of peace and conflict studies, Conrad Grebel College, University of Waterloo. He studied Middle Eastern religion and international relations a American University and in Syria, and his wife is a professor of Persian background. We discuss the relations among the various faith communities and how to conceptualize the relationship between "spirituality" and religiosity. Funk also emphasizes the emphasis of the local cultural, historical, and material circumstances and the Mennonite tradition of working at the community level on conflict. For the video, audio podcast, transcript and comments: https://tosavetheworld.ca/episode-523-religion-and-or-peace
Episode 522 Concrete in Canada's Future
1:11:09Douglas Hooton, professor emeritus of civil engineering at University of Toronto, Chris Cheeseman of Imperial College in London, and Michael Barnard are experts on concrete. Because concrete is the source of 8 percent of the world's carbon emissions, we must urgently develop concrete that is carbon neutral or even carbon negative. Hooton describes the challenges and the current government plans for Canada to reach carbon zero by 2050 – but is it possible to reach that much earlier and even capture and lock away massive parts of the carbon already in the atmosphere? One determining factor is the cost. For the video, audio podcast, transcript and comments: https://tosavetheworld.ca/episode-522-concrete-in-canadas-future/
Episode 521 The Fate of Democracy
1:05:11Carl Gershman was the head of the National Endowment for Democracy for 37 years. In 2004 NED awarded Seymour Martin Lipset a medal for his work on fostering democracy globally. That is when he and Metta Spencer met, so they talk a little first about Lipset. Then they discuss the bright spots that Gershman sees in the contemporary polarized world, though the anti-democratic forces are nevertheless powerful. Can a system of sovereign democracies suffice to bring about the changes required to prevent a global catastrophe? Gershman thinks positively about that. For the video, audio podcast, transcript and comments: https://tosavetheworld.ca/episode-521-the-fate-of-democracy
Episode 520 What to Do About Climate
1:01:49Thomas Homer-Dixon is the founder and director of Cascade Institute, a Canadian think tank that is studying several problems that are converging upon us all simultaneously, mostly complex systems connected with climate change. They are working on the methane being emitted by thawing permafrost, and believe that some help may come from growing mosses in the region. He is also concern about the fact that some potential interventions against climate change are not being investigated, though it is clear that we cannot survive if we just try to reduce our carbon footprint and live simply while letting nature take care of our problems. It is too late for that; we must be ready to act to stop the disasters, and we must do scientific research beforehand. For the video, audio podcast, transcript and comments: https://tosavetheworld.ca/episode-520-what-to-do-about-climate.
Episode 519 Our Waterways
59:52Brad Bass and Ole Hendrickson are both ecologists and both are section editors for Project Save the World; they monitor the contents of the comments column, among other good deeds. They both are professionally concerned with the quality of water in our waterways, so we discuss first the current state of the wetlands on the southwest coast of Hudson Bay, which is said to be emitting methane. This bothers them less than some of the other sources of methane that result from human activities. One of Brad's concerns is the cause of cyanobacteria, which is toxic. Metta got a bit snippy about Ole's general criticism of geo-engineering, for reasons that may become apparent in future episodes. For the video, audio podcast, transcript, and comments: https://tosavetheworld.ca/episode-519-our-waterways.
Episode 518 Global Town Hall Oct 2022
1:53:05Alexey Prokhorenko and Andre Kamenshekov have both left Russia and are opposed to that country's aggression. They discuss the routes that refugees can take when fleeing Russia. The group of participants in this town hall favor organizing via Zoom those male Russians who fled to avoid being mobilized into the military. They could be effective in influencing public opinion back a home. For the video, audio podcast, transcript and comments: https://tosavetheworld.ca/episode-518-global-town-hall-oct-2022.
Episode 517 Asia, Russia and Ukraine
1:00:44Nivedita Das Kundu is an international relations expert who was born in India and educated in Russia and Ukraine. She is able to describe vividly the attitudes that most Indians share about their friend, Russia, which has helped them in many ways. But they also are friendly toward Ukraine, where many Indian students study medicine and engineering in the universities; they are stranded there now, but the Indian government has just advised all foreigners to evacuate Ukraine, though many of the students want to remain. For the video, audio podcast, transcript and comments: https://tosavetheworld.ca/episode-517-asia-russia-and-ukraine .