Epigenetics Podcast podcast

Split-Pool Recognition of Interactions by Tag Extension (SPRITE) (Mitch Guttman)

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In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we talked with Mitch Guttman from California Institute of Technology about his work on characterising the 3D interactions of the genome using Split-Pool Recognition of Interactions by Tag Extension (SPRITE).

Mitch Guttman discusses his exploration of the long non-coding RNA Xist, which plays a crucial role in X chromosome inactivation. He explains how they discovered that Xist is present everywhere in the nucleus, not just in specific locations on the X chromosome. Through their research, they identified critical proteins like SHARP that are involved in X chromosome silencing.

The discussion then shifts to SPRITE, a method they developed to map multi-way contacts and generalize beyond DNA to include RNA and proteins. They compare SPRITE to classical proximity ligation methods like Hi-C and discuss how cluster sizes in SPRITE can estimate 3D distances between molecules. The conversation also touches upon the potential of applying SPRITE to single-cell experiments, allowing for the mapping of higher order nucleic acid interactions and tracking the connectivity of DNA fragments in individual cells.


  • Jesse M. Engreitz et al., The Xist lncRNA Exploits Three-Dimensional Genome Architecture to Spread Across the X Chromosome. Science 341,1237973(2013). DOI:10.1126/science.1237973

  • Chun-Kan Chen et al., Xist recruits the X chromosome to the nuclear lamina to enable chromosome-wide silencing. Science 354, 468-472(2016). DOI: 10.1126/science.aae0047

  • Quinodoz, S. A., Ollikainen, N., Tabak, B., Palla, A., Schmidt, J. M., Detmar, E., Lai, M. M., Shishkin, A. A., Bhat, P., Takei, Y., Trinh, V., Aznauryan, E., Russell, P., Cheng, C., Jovanovic, M., Chow, A., Cai, L., McDonel, P., Garber, M., & Guttman, M. (2018). Higher-Order Inter-chromosomal Hubs Shape 3D Genome Organization in the Nucleus. Cell, 174(3), 744-757.e24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2018.05.024

  • Goronzy, I. N., Quinodoz, S. A., Jachowicz, J. W., Ollikainen, N., Bhat, P., & Guttman, M. (2022). Simultaneous mapping of 3D structure and nascent RNAs argues against nuclear compartments that preclude transcription. Cell Reports, 41(9), 111730. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2022.111730

  • Perez, A. A., Goronzy, I. N., Blanco, M. R., Guo, J. K., & Guttman, M. (2023). ChIP-DIP: A multiplexed method for mapping hundreds of proteins to DNA uncovers diverse regulatory elements controlling gene expression [Preprint]. Genomics. https://doi.org/10.1101/2023.12.14.571730


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