Epigenetics Podcast podcast

H3K79 Methylation, DOT1L, and FOXG1 in Neural Development (Tanja Vogel)

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In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we talked with Tanja Vogel from the University Clinics Freiburg about her work on epigenetic modifications in stem cells during central nervous system development.

During our discussion, Dr. Vogel shared that she and her team have investigated H3K79 methylation and its functional significance, which remains a topic of debate in the scientific community. They’ve also investigated the role of DOT1L in neural development and its implications for neuronal networks, as disrupting DOT1L can lead to conditions such as epilepsy and schizophrenia. They explored the function of the SOX2 enhancer in the presence or absence of DOT1L enzymatic inhibition.

The conversation then shifts to FoxG1, a vital player in forebrain development. The team uncovered its role in chromatin accessibility and its connection to microRNA processing. Their study, utilizing ChIP-Seq, reveals FoxG1's interactions with enhancer regions and other transcription factors, like NeuroD1.


### References

  • Britanova, O., de Juan Romero, C., Cheung, A., Kwan, K. Y., Schwark, M., Gyorgy, A., Vogel, T., Akopov, S., Mitkovski, M., Agoston, D., Sestan, N., Molnár, Z., & Tarabykin, V. (2008). Satb2 is a postmitotic determinant for upper-layer neuron specification in the neocortex. Neuron, 57(3), 378–392. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuron.2007.12.028

  • Büttner, N., Johnsen, S. A., Kügler, S., & Vogel, T. (2010). Af9/Mllt3 interferes with Tbr1 expression through epigenetic modification of histone H3K79 during development of the cerebral cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 107(15), 7042–7047. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0912041107

  • Franz, H., Villarreal, A., Heidrich, S., Videm, P., Kilpert, F., Mestres, I., Calegari, F., Backofen, R., Manke, T., & Vogel, T. (2019). DOT1L promotes progenitor proliferation and primes neuronal layer identity in the developing cerebral cortex. Nucleic acids research, 47(1), 168–183. https://doi.org/10.1093/nar/gky953

  • Ferrari, F., Arrigoni, L., Franz, H., Izzo, A., Butenko, L., Trompouki, E., Vogel, T., & Manke, T. (2020). DOT1L-mediated murine neuronal differentiation associates with H3K79me2 accumulation and preserves SOX2-enhancer accessibility. Nature communications, 11(1), 5200. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-19001-7

  • Akol, I., Izzo, A., Gather, F., Strack, S., Heidrich, S., Ó hAilín, D., Villarreal, A., Hacker, C., Rauleac, T., Bella, C., Fischer, A., Manke, T., & Vogel, T. (2023). Multimodal epigenetic changes and altered NEUROD1 chromatin binding in the mouse hippocampus underlie FOXG1 syndrome. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 120(2), e2122467120. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2122467120


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