Epigenetics Podcast podcast

Contribution of the Estrogen Receptor to Breast Cancer Progression (Jason Carroll)

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In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we talked with Jason Carroll from the Cambridge Research Institute about his work on contribution of estrogen receptor to breast cancer progression.

The Podcast centers around the crucial role of the forkhead protein FOXA1 in breast cancer. FOXA1 acts as a pioneer transcription factor, facilitating gene regulation by recruiting nuclear receptors to chromatin, profoundly influencing gene expression in various breast cancer subtypes. The FOXA1-positive subtype of triple-negative breast cancer, despite being estrogen receptor-negative, shares gene expression profiles with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer, shedding light on the importance of targeting the androgen receptor for treatment.

The challenges of studying transcription factor mappings from clinical samples are explored, with a focus on the ChIP-seq method's success in mapping estrogen receptor binding sites. Various techniques for transcription factor mapping, including CUT&RUN, CUT&Tag, and ChIP-exo, are discussed, as well as the potential of mass spec techniques like the RIME method in analyzing protein interactions. An intriguing experiment involving the purification of multiple proteins to identify interactions is highlighted.



  • Carroll, J. S., Meyer, C. A., Song, J., Li, W., Geistlinger, T. R., Eeckhoute, J., Brodsky, A. S., Keeton, E. K., Fertuck, K. C., Hall, G. F., Wang, Q., Bekiranov, S., Sementchenko, V., Fox, E. A., Silver, P. A., Gingeras, T. R., Liu, X. S., & Brown, M. (2006). Genome-wide analysis of estrogen receptor binding sites. Nature genetics, 38(11), 1289–1297. https://doi.org/10.1038/ng1901

  • Hurtado, A., Holmes, K. A., Geistlinger, T. R., Hutcheson, I. R., Nicholson, R. I., Brown, M., Jiang, J., Howat, W. J., Ali, S., & Carroll, J. S. (2008). Regulation of ERBB2 by oestrogen receptor-PAX2 determines response to tamoxifen. Nature, 456(7222), 663–666. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07483

  • Ross-Innes, C. S., Stark, R., Teschendorff, A. E., Holmes, K. A., Ali, H. R., Dunning, M. J., Brown, G. D., Gojis, O., Ellis, I. O., Green, A. R., Ali, S., Chin, S. F., Palmieri, C., Caldas, C., & Carroll, J. S. (2012). Differential oestrogen receptor binding is associated with clinical outcome in breast cancer. Nature, 481(7381), 389–393. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature10730

  • Mohammed, H., Russell, I. A., Stark, R., Rueda, O. M., Hickey, T. E., Tarulli, G. A., Serandour, A. A., Birrell, S. N., Bruna, A., Saadi, A., Menon, S., Hadfield, J., Pugh, M., Raj, G. V., Brown, G. D., D'Santos, C., Robinson, J. L., Silva, G., Launchbury, R., Perou, C. M., … Carroll, J. S. (2015). Progesterone receptor modulates ERα action in breast cancer. Nature, 523(7560), 313–317. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature14583


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