We have a very special guest on the show, Dr. Glen Harris of the University of Georgia. Glen specializes in Environmental Soil & Fertilizers. Tonight, Greg and Glen do a deep dive into what exactly is in fertilizers. It's time to plant cool weather cover crops and short maturing greens (Mustard, Turnips, Kohlrabi, and Spinach). What's In Fertilizer? Fertilizer Labels A generic label in most garden centers uses 13-13-13. With any and all labels, the first number you see on a fertilizer label is for Nitrogen, the second number is phosphorous, and the third is Potassium. (N, P, K) Glen states that the numbers on these labels are all the same around the world! For it to be a "complete fertilizer" it will need to also include micronutrients as the secondary, such as calcium, magnesium, sulfur, and iron (to name a few). Nitrogen Ammoniacal Nitrogen (NH3-N) is nitrogen derived from ammonia. One form of nitrogen that your plants regularly use. Most commonly found in the soil is ammonium. It is naturally created by the nitrogen cycle (or introduced) through synthesized fertilizers and deposited into the soil. If you have a high PH in your soil, it can "gas up" and leave the soil (volatilization). Plants have the ability to take up many chemical forms of nitrogen. Most common, Ammonium (NH-4) which has a positive charge and can be held by the soil; Nitrate (NO-3) which has a negative charge and will have trouble holding onto the soil (too much rain can cause this issue), and Urea ((NH-2)CO)) which has no charge. Many commercial fertilizers contain mixes of a combination of all three of these nitrogen forms. Plants need both Ammonium and Nitrate. Nitrate is very important for your soil and it is the main driver for proteins in your plant. Urea Nitrogen, when applied to your soil, begins to break down as soon as it is applied. It will hydrolyze and convert into ammonium and carbon dioxide. The main drawback with Urea is the tendency to be lost through volatilization, which is the loss of applied nitrogen to the atmosphere as ammonia gas. Phosphate/Phosphorous Phosphorous plays a primary role in storing and transferring energy produced by photosynthesis for use in the growth and reproductive process in your plants. Rock Phosphate is an organic source of phosphorous and an issue with this source when putting it directly into your garden. Other types include wood ash, bone meal, manure, and vermicomposted manure. Wood Ash is the most rapidly available organic source of phosphate. "Phosphorous should be managed. It is immobile in our soil, will build up and get bound in our soil.", Glen Harris states. It is important for early seed/seedling growth. The roots of the seedlings will have to intercept with the phosphorous and that is mainly why there is phosphorous used in started fertilizers. Potassium Potassium Chloride is the most widely used potassium source worldwide, this aids healthy plant growth disease resistance. It is associated with the movement of water, carbohydrates, and nutrients in plant tissue. The common salt often referred to as potash, is widely used as a major fertilizer. Potassium also helps in reducing water loss and wilting, it also reduces respiration, preventing energy losses. Potassium chloride is a naturally mined salt, and surprisingly it is considered non-organic. You do not want too much or it could potentially kill the microbes in your soil but if used correctly, it will be very beneficial to your soil. Just as Important Boron is a secondary element and many of the vegetable crops need and love boron in the soil. Beets and corn are two of those that need boron. Sulfur is an anion, and it is very leachable. 90% of sulfur in soil is found in organic matter, which mineralizes and releases sulfur to the plants. Onions and Garlic love sulfur. Sweet onions like sulfur in the early stages of growth. Calcium plays a vital role in plant growth,
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Row by Row Episode 175: We’re Talking Onions and More!
36:41You asked, Greg and Sheila answer! Many of our customers, followers, and Row By Row Group Members submitted their gardening questions and tonight, you will have them answered. Q & A - Part 1 "Have you ever had success growing asparagus?" - Yes, we've been growing asparagus for the last 7-8 years. We have several videos on our YouTube on how to be successful growing it. The key to it is after the 3rd year of growing it, you want to cut them back. You will develop weeds around the asparagus and that's normal. If you cut them back, you'll continue to get asparagus shoots. "What is the best way to get rid of grasshoppers? I'm surrounded by grassland and they're inundating my yard and garden." - There isn't much you can do for them organically. You need to hit them early on with a synthetic insecticide. You can rotate Bug Buster II and Neem Oil to treat them. "Concerning nitrogen fixers, do the nitrogen-fixing plants have to die or be pruned back to release the nitrogen for other plants to scavenge from the roots left behind?" - You can't intercrop a "live" legume with a crop and expect it to exchange the nitrogen. It needs to die back and break down into the soil before it is beneficial. "Will I get better germination on my edible hibiscus if I leave the pod on the plant longer? I don't want to leave it on too long since it could go bad but I need some tips on when is the right time to pull the seed pods." - Once it blooms and the bloom falls off, I normally wait about 5-7 days after the bloom falls off. "I've heard it said for a long time now, insects don't attack healthy plants. Can you demystify that? - There is some truth to that. Think about it like it was your body and your immune system is weak, you are more than likely to get sick. It is more likely for an insect to attack your plant if it does not have the proper fertilization, health, etc. Insects can also attack healthy plants but they tend to fight off insect infestation easier. Q & A - Part 2 "Can you tell me what fertilizer to use on onions and at what time?" - We recommend a well-balanced fertilizer, like 20-20-20, and alternate it with a nitrogen source like Ammonium Sulfate. Stop fertilizing 30 days before you harvest. "Does Mrs. Hoss succession plant or intercrop in her raised beds?" - I do succession planting a lot in the spring and summer. I don't do it in the fall because the broccoli, cauliflower, etc. take longer to grow. I will intercrop with flowers in the spring and summer, I do sometimes plant my garlic and onions in with my English peas. "What can I use next time to prevent my pumpkins from being destroyed by vine borers? I want to give it another try." - For vine borers, you want to make sure you plant earlier in the spring to get ahead of the outbreak of the vine borers. You want to spray them early on, have a good spray schedule. If they get into the vine, you're done. "I want to bring my peppers inside for the winter. What do they need to keep producing or at least not to die over the winter months." - If you bring them inside, you'll want to keep them wet (keep the moisture to them) but I wouldn't fertilize them. Once the springtime comes, you want to re-pot the plant and then start fertilizing. "Can you use your drip irrigation system in containers? If yes, can you show how?" - We actually have a container watering kit that is perfect for your needs. We will get a video done on it soon! Q & A - Part 3 "When you are starting a farm on raw land, what is the best cover crop to plan to help build better soil?" - Hairy Vetch and Winter Rye are great ones for the cool season. During the warm season, you would want to go with Sunn Hemp. "I have never been able to get bell peppers to grow to a respectable size. I am in Central North Carolina. Any ideas?" - Fertility, fertility, fertility. I struggled back in the day until I realized bell peppers LOVE fertilizer.
Row by Row Episode 174: How To Extend Your Food Source
28:00Tonight, Greg and Sheila talk about all things herbs and fruit orchards!! Expand your food supply! Start Small, Start Simple Herbs When growing outside, consider those herbs that are hardy and can handle changing of seasons/cold weather. Lavender and Rosemary. Consider how large they will grow when planting. If planting in a raised bed, keep larger plants to the back and small plants in the front. This will make harvesting easier. Don't plant herbs together that need different amounts of sunlight and water. You'll do well planting tarragon and basil together. They love full sun and like a bit of extra water. Put your rosemary, sage, and thyme together because they prefer drier and sandier soil. Cool Season Herbs Cilantro Chives Dill Parsley Warm Season Herbs Sage Thyme Oregano Mint Bay Leaves Fruit Orchards Augment your supply of homegrown food beyond the traditional food garden. Choose those that bear fruit at different times of the year to further extend your harvest. Preserve homegrown fruit for jams. You can dry, freeze and ferment your fruits, as well. Greg and Sheila grow fig trees, grapes, blackberries, blueberries, mulberries, peaches, apples, lemons, limes, oranges, and strawberries! Knowing your soil is vital. There are two important factors in determining if a particular tree or plant will grow well in your part of the country. First, you need to live within the recommended USDA Hardiness Zone and if you're planting a fruit or nut tree, you must determine if your area receives enough annual "chill hours". Where To Plant Look for an open spot in the yard. Fruit trees generally need at least six hours of full sunlight in order to grow strong and produce healthy fruit. Don't plant the trees where they will be shaded by your house or taller trees. Limes are excellent for those with limited space, they can be planted in larger containers and can be brought indoors for protection. Where to Buy Local nursery (carry trees that will grow well in your area), big-box centers, or online. Remember - bigger isn't always better, look for bulging tight pots, signs of pest or disease issues, good shape, structure, and generally healthy-looking plants. Shop Stark Brothers Fruit Trees - use coupon code ROWBYROW10 to receive a 10% off discount on your order. Products of the Week: Herb Collection Kitchen Garden Light Kit Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/g7lmB0jd1Vk
Row by Row Episode 173: What You Need To Know About Cover Crops
33:05Dr. Glen Harris with the University of Georgia is back!! Tonight, he and Greg get into the data behind cover crops, the importance of the organic matter, why you should be concerned with it, and much more! Research Project from UGA The study measures the biomass of four cover crops planted Nov. 1 and the nitrogen available to the following crop. https://www.farmprogress.com/cover-crops/measuring-mass-nitrogen-benefit-four-early-cover-crops Importance of Organic Matter in Soil Two of the biggest benefits of having the organic matter in your soil are to aid in holding water and nutrients, two of the things you need for plants to grow, besides sunlight. "If you can get your hands on good compost, man, get it in your garden", Greg says. If you don't have access to getting good compost, a good cover crop or a mixture of cover crops is the way to go. What is Cation Exchange Capacity in Soil? Cation exchange capacity is the total capacity of soil to hold exchangeable cations. Dr. Glen Harris states, "Soils have a net negative charge, the negative charges come from clay and organic matter. They hold a lot of the positive things in your soil. The more clay and organic matter you have, the better your soil will be at holding the cations." Cover Crops Rye is typically a cool-season cover crop is a great suppressor of weeds, adds organic matter into the soil, reduces erosion, and works to scavenge nitrogen. Clover cover crops improve nitrogen-fixation, a great ground cover, and the clovers make a great crop to have before planting vegetables. Tillage Radish is one of the best cover crops for improving soil quality and reducing soil pest pressure. Hairy Vetch is a cool-season cover crop that fixes a significant amount of nitrogen, in addition to reducing erosion and providing weed suppression for garden soils. Check out all of our Cover Crops here. Products of the Week: Cover Crops Vermiculite Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/bXyH9C4epE4
Row by Row Episode 172: How To Be Successful Growing Garlic
24:06It's all about garlic!! A deep dive into the types of garlic, how to plant, best practices for growing, fertilizing, and more! Growing Garlic Nutrition and Health Benefits Garlic contains allicin, a sulfur compound with many health benefits: an ancient plant used for flavor, health, and medicine for 5,000 years with only a small number of calories. Studies have shown that the properties of garlic can help lower blood pressure, reduce your risk of heart disease, and boost your immune system. It also contains antioxidants that may help people avoid Alzheimer's disease and dementia. Types of Garlic There are over 600 named varieties, grouped into three types. Hard-Neck (ophioscorodon) (German White) Fewer but larger clovesEasier to grow in cold weatherStronger FlavorDoesn't store as wellHarder to braid Soft-Neck (sativum) (most grocery store bought is soft-neck) Stores the longestMild in flavorLarger bulbs and more clovesGrows best inr egions with mild wintersBest for braiding Elephant Actually, a leek.Grows largest of all typesHas the mildest flavorStores wellDoes not braid How To Grow Plant from "seed garlic" bulbs purchased or from the previous season. "Store" garlic is often sprayed with growth inhibitor.Seed garlic has not been sprayedSeperate the cloves, do not cut them up. Plant with blunt root facing down, pointed end facing up. You'll want to space cloves 4"-6" apart and 1"-2" deep. You should have fertile soil, well-draining is a must, pH neutral, and you should avoid planting where alliums have been planted the previous season. Organic fertilizers can help its condition if you want to take the extra step to support your growing garlic. Garlic prefers full sun, at least 6 hours of daily sunlight. Water 1" per week, let the soil dry between watering, you don't want to overwater! Fertilize every 2-3 weeks with Dr. Joe Fertilizing Tabs (raised beds) or with 20-20-20 and Microboost (In-ground) and keep the soil moist during fertilization. Har-neck garlic varieties produce scapes around the spring and summer, by removing them, you can encourage the production of larger bulbs. When To Harvest You can identify garlic bulbs that are ready to be pulled from the soil when you spot green leaves growing on the sides. Check to see if the leaves at the bottom of the stem are brown - if they are, your garlic should be ready to harvest! Before pulling your bulbs, take the time to loosen the soil around the plant. You can use a digging fork but make sure you insert it away from the bulb. Storing Your Garlic After Harvest Let your garlic cure after harvesting it by leaving it in a cool space with good ventilation. After this period is up, you can store your harvest in a cool, and dark spot. Your garlic should not be refrigerated. Soft-neck garlic lasts longer after being harvested than hard-neck garlic. With soft-neck garlic, you can expect your bulbs to stay in good condition for 9 months to 1 year. Alternatively, you can leave the tops on, braid your garlic, and hang them in strings. The key here is to never store them in an airtight container. Garlic bulbs should be kept in a place where they can continue to get airflow. Products of the Week: Root Pouch Complete Organic Fertilizer Dr. Joe Fertilizing Tablets Hanging Grow Light Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/oFlVbZg6s30
Row by Row Episode 171: How To Grow Onions In The Fall
26:38Tonight, Greg and Sheila do a deep dive into everything onions! When to plant, how to fertilize, and so much more! The Right Kind of Onions Short Day Short-Day varieties will form bulbs with 10-12 hours of daylight and only need mild winter climates (Zones 7 and warmer). These should be planted in the fall for maturity in late spring. Intermediate Day Intermediate-Day varieties will form bulbs with 12-14 hours of daylight, normally grown in zones 5-7, and should be planted in the fall. Long Day Long-Day varieties will form bulbs with 14-16 hours of daylight, typically grown in northern regions (Zones 6 and colder), and planted in late winter/early spring. Types of Onions Bulbing Onions Spring/Bunching OnionsMultiplying Fertilizing Bulbing Onions Two important tips to remember, plant the right type of onion for your area and plant them at the right time. (Refer above) In-Ground Planting for Zone 8 - make sure your soil PH is between 6.0 - 6.5, about 1 week before you plant you will need to incorporate 1.5 cups per 10 ft. of the row, of Complete Organic Fertilizer into your soil. Two weeks after planting your onions, add 2 cups of 20-20-20 per 1,000 sq. ft of garden space to your Hoss Fertilizer Injector. Every week after (for 3 consecutive weeks), you will add 2 cups of 20-20-20 and 1/2 cup of Microboost per 1,000 sq. ft. of garden space to your Hoss Fertilizer Injector. Every 4th week, side-dress with ammonium sulfate. About 30 days before you get ready to harvest your onions, you want to stop fertilizing your onions. Raised Bed Planting for Zone 8 - make sure your soil PH is between 6.0 - 6.5, about 1 week before you plant you will need to incorporate 1.5 cups per 10 ft. of the row, of Complete Organic Fertilizer into your soil. Two weeks after you plant your onions, side-dress 2 cups of Hoss Complete Organic Fertilizer per 10 ft. of row. Every week (for 3 consecutive weeks), use one tablet of each of Dr. Joe All-Purpose Growing Bubble and Dr. Joe Nutri Bubble (mix into a 1 gallon - 5-gallon watering container). Apply the Dr. Joe fertilizer as a drench to 10 ft. of row. Every 4th week, 1/2 cup Hoss Premium Ammonium Sulfate to 10 ft. of row. Repeat as necessary until 30 days before bulbing process. Products of the Week: Root Pouch Onion Plants Warrior Bunching Onions Natsuguro Bunching Onions Watch the Complete Show on YouTube Below: https://youtu.be/1SRYcgFK884
Row by Row Episode 170: Homesteaders of America Conference 2021. The Truth!
28:16Tonight, Greg and Sheila discuss their experiences at the Homesteaders of America Conference in Virginia this past weekend. Met with lots of affiliates, YouTubers, fans of Hoss Tools, and so much more! What's Up in the Veg and Flower Garden: Out in the main garden, Greg has lots of Sun Sugar tomatoes growing, along with his delicata squash. Sheila is still harvesting Jambalaya Okra and has finally started seeing blooms on her Roselle Hibiscus after many months of waiting. Homesteaders of America Greg and Sheila both agreed that it was a truly magical and heartwarming experience to be able to meet and see everyone at the Homesteaders of America Conference. "We were surrounded by so many great, knowledgable people - from YouTubers, Affiliates, and Hoss Tools Family, we are truly blessed.", Greg Says. "It was so heartwarming to be able to hug, shake hands, share stories, and finally meet a lot of these people we've known for years face to face and also add to our Hoss Tools family.", Sheila added. We took a lot of our affiliates that were there out to dinner and had a wonderful time with everyone. They have given us much advice on how to get started in raising pigs. Cattywampus Acres Jason and Lauren, from Metro Atlanta, make handcrafted soap and goodies from goat's milk. Jason is a police officer and Lauren is a butcher. On their farm, they have goats, pigs, chickens, a mini donkey, and a garden. Give them a follow here! 4 Kids and A Farm Rachel and Aaron, from Northern California, and have 4 amazing kids. Aaron is a nurse, he could not say enough about Rachel and how she has such a major role in their homestead. We had a wonderful time talking to them and their commitment to raise their own food and be self-sustainable. They love to garden and share their knowledge about raising pigs, sheep, goats, and chickens. Plus, being in northern California, they get to grow year-round! Give them a follow here! Whispering Willow Farm Jill and Nathan are from rural Arkansas. She is a self-taught gardener, which is so amazing to see in a new generation. They have recently purchased Roots and Refuge farm and are growing quickly. Sheila really enjoys watching her videos, Jill is down to earth and has the most calming voice. Give them a follow! Just Dig It Farm Tracy and Gene, from Alabama, have a dream of becoming self-sufficient and striving for a better, healthier lifestyle. Tracy has the most beautiful cottage garden. If you want to be inspired by an amazing potager garden, you should check them out. They have lots of animals, orchards, and she is such an inspiration to Sheila. Follow them! Stivers Homestead Zack and Gen are from the Appalachian Mountains in Kentucky. We also had the pleasure of meeting their daughter Ray Ray. They have a passion for preserving food, raising animals, homesteading, and gardening. They are known for their Calendula Salve! Great stuff. They also have an Airbnb. Tons of animals, including Kune Kune pigs. Y'all should check them out! 2 Quacks & 5 Clucks Farm Scott is one of our newest affiliates, mainly on TikTok. Scott and his wife are from Virginia. We thoroughly enjoyed meeting him. He is extremely knowledgeable in gardening and has a big following. He teaches you the easy ways to garden and gives you the skills you need. They have pasteurized chickens and a growing garden! Give him a follow! The Honeystead Kaylee from Quail Hollow Farm is a beekeeper, gardener, and forager. On her farm, she has chickens, goats, cows, honeybees, and pigs. She is extremely knowledgeable in beekeeping and has a wealth of knowledge of herbs. She spoke at the conference as well, her topic was "How to keep your bees alive and healthy through the winter." If you are wanting to get into beekeeping, Kaylee is the one to follow! Crowley House Flower Farm Jason and Beth are from Oregon. Beth is a floral designer, flower farmer, and gardener. She is also an author.
Row by Row Episode 169: TIPS FOR PRESERVING FOOD AND RAISED BEDS
33:04Tonight, it is Sheila's turn to answer the gardening questions. She speaks on preserving, raised beds, and so much more! Even how she "puts up with Greg". Ask a Gardening Expert Q & A What tips can you share for someone just getting started with canning and preserving their harvest? Find a mentor with experienceUse fresh produce in good conditionHave all the proper equipment/ingredients before you startSet aside the time, once you start you have to finishFollow directions/recipe ingredients exactly What are things you can every single year? SoupTomatoes (stweed, Italian, Juice, Cherry)Green BeansPickles Can you recommend some books on canning that would have information on what to look for in a pressure canner and recipes? Sheila uses the "Ball, Blue Book - guide to preserving". It has a lot of information on the different types of pressure canners, as well as recipes. How is irrigation systems set up in raised beds? Currently, Sheila is using a water hose, watering can, and sometimes a sprinkler due to the fact that her 20 year+ old raised beds and the wood is "giving way". There is no system set up right now but Greg plans on redesigning the raised beds and getting the system put down. So, you use cover crops in your raised beds? "Not intentionally but I do plant mustard in the Fall, and in the summer I will rotate sunflowers in most of the beds.", Sheila says. It's really easy to do. I never keep my raised beds empty. Hello, Mrs. Hoss. What are your favorite recipes for making pickled okra and whole pickles? Thank you. "I do 3 types of pickled okra, sweet, spicy, and dill. My "go-to" book for these recipes is the Pickled Pantry. Hoss prefers the spicy okra. If you will email [email protected], and request the recipes, we will be happy to send them to you. As far as pickle recipes, I always use my grandmother's recipes for sweet pickles, fermented dill, and bread and butter.", Sheila says. What is the best way to get into canning? Books first or jump right in? Definitely go by a recipe from a trusted source. I love the Ball Book. Begin with something simple that requires just a water bath, such as tomatoes. Should I add compost every year to my raised beds? I have mostly flowers. Some are perennials. Most are annuals; I had some red snapper tomatoes. Can I plant tomatoes there next year? I've heard it's not a good idea. I add compost twice a year to my raised beds. Before my summer crop and before my fall crops. Yes, tomatoes can be planted behind the flowers. What do you personally water bath can? Any type of tomatoes and bread and butter pickles. I use my pressure canner for vegetables, meats, poultry, and soups/stews because of the low acidity. Do you have any recipes for preserving homegrown ginger? (Not candied ginger) I do not but if any of our listeners do, please send them in so we can share them. Besides fermenting, what other ways can you preserve cabbage? Is it possible to freeze it in shreds? I have a recipe in the Blue Book for Freezer Slaw, it includes shredded cabbage, peppers, onions, and carrots. You can email us at [email protected] for the recipe. We will send it out to you. How do you amend your raised beds? I use the compost and complete organic fertilizer twice a year. If you follow @mamahosstools on TikTok, there is a video from back in the spring of how I amend my beds. I'm in Zone 8 (in Auburn) and can't grow carrots to save my life. Any advice would be helpful. Loose, well-drained soil in a sunny spot. The soil needs to be rich high in organic matter. One of the most important things to remember is the keep them watered. I water twice a day until they germinate. Needs at least 1" of water per week. 6-8 hours of sunlight per day. What is the best layout for raised beds in a small yard? What to plant, how many per bed, etc. Ya'll are closer to my zone here in North Carolina.
Row by Row Episode 168: WHAT’S IN FERTILIZER?
39:34We have a very special guest on the show, Dr. Glen Harris of the University of Georgia. Glen specializes in Environmental Soil & Fertilizers. Tonight, Greg and Glen do a deep dive into what exactly is in fertilizers. It's time to plant cool weather cover crops and short maturing greens (Mustard, Turnips, Kohlrabi, and Spinach). What's In Fertilizer? Fertilizer Labels A generic label in most garden centers uses 13-13-13. With any and all labels, the first number you see on a fertilizer label is for Nitrogen, the second number is phosphorous, and the third is Potassium. (N, P, K) Glen states that the numbers on these labels are all the same around the world! For it to be a "complete fertilizer" it will need to also include micronutrients as the secondary, such as calcium, magnesium, sulfur, and iron (to name a few). Nitrogen Ammoniacal Nitrogen (NH3-N) is nitrogen derived from ammonia. One form of nitrogen that your plants regularly use. Most commonly found in the soil is ammonium. It is naturally created by the nitrogen cycle (or introduced) through synthesized fertilizers and deposited into the soil. If you have a high PH in your soil, it can "gas up" and leave the soil (volatilization). Plants have the ability to take up many chemical forms of nitrogen. Most common, Ammonium (NH-4) which has a positive charge and can be held by the soil; Nitrate (NO-3) which has a negative charge and will have trouble holding onto the soil (too much rain can cause this issue), and Urea ((NH-2)CO)) which has no charge. Many commercial fertilizers contain mixes of a combination of all three of these nitrogen forms. Plants need both Ammonium and Nitrate. Nitrate is very important for your soil and it is the main driver for proteins in your plant. Urea Nitrogen, when applied to your soil, begins to break down as soon as it is applied. It will hydrolyze and convert into ammonium and carbon dioxide. The main drawback with Urea is the tendency to be lost through volatilization, which is the loss of applied nitrogen to the atmosphere as ammonia gas. Phosphate/Phosphorous Phosphorous plays a primary role in storing and transferring energy produced by photosynthesis for use in the growth and reproductive process in your plants. Rock Phosphate is an organic source of phosphorous and an issue with this source when putting it directly into your garden. Other types include wood ash, bone meal, manure, and vermicomposted manure. Wood Ash is the most rapidly available organic source of phosphate. "Phosphorous should be managed. It is immobile in our soil, will build up and get bound in our soil.", Glen Harris states. It is important for early seed/seedling growth. The roots of the seedlings will have to intercept with the phosphorous and that is mainly why there is phosphorous used in started fertilizers. Potassium Potassium Chloride is the most widely used potassium source worldwide, this aids healthy plant growth disease resistance. It is associated with the movement of water, carbohydrates, and nutrients in plant tissue. The common salt often referred to as potash, is widely used as a major fertilizer. Potassium also helps in reducing water loss and wilting, it also reduces respiration, preventing energy losses. Potassium chloride is a naturally mined salt, and surprisingly it is considered non-organic. You do not want too much or it could potentially kill the microbes in your soil but if used correctly, it will be very beneficial to your soil. Just as Important Boron is a secondary element and many of the vegetable crops need and love boron in the soil. Beets and corn are two of those that need boron. Sulfur is an anion, and it is very leachable. 90% of sulfur in soil is found in organic matter, which mineralizes and releases sulfur to the plants. Onions and Garlic love sulfur. Sweet onions like sulfur in the early stages of growth. Calcium plays a vital role in plant growth,
Row by Row Episode 167: How Kids Make Money Growing Flowers
43:15Tonight, Jennifer with Fancy Girl Farms joins Greg in a discussion into flower farming and how you and your children can enjoy the growing beautiful flowers all year long and make a little extra cash doing it! What's Up in the Veg and Flower Garden: In the recent weeks here in southwest Georgia, there has been a lot of rain, which has put so many farmers and gardeners behind on their fall planting. With too much rain, the ground is too saturated to plant. Greg is planning on starting his turnips and mustards in the next couple of weeks. In winter cover crops, in Zone 8 you want to go ahead and start thinking about getting your cover crops in the ground between October 1st through October 15th. Greg's favorite cover crop has always been clover. Jennifer stated that she planted red clover last year and that it did great but the white dutch clover was an issue for her. Greg suggests that Hairy Vtech and Winter Rye is the "GO-TO" mix for beginners and for those who do not know which cover crop they need to plant. Cool Season Flowers For the home gardener, Jennifer suggests growing Snapdragons. Snapdragons have great germination and are easy to start from seed. They take that frost great and will over-winter better than most any flower. Sweet Peas is another one that many people do not think of growing like a flower, they do require protection from the frost but when they bloom in the early spring, they don't have much bloom time but when they do, they smell amazing and look great. Strawflowers are also one that Fancy Girl Farms is growing that is very easy to grow in the winter. Flower Arrangement: Jennifer suggests using the 5 key ingredients in flower farming while making bouquets; focal flowers, fillers, spikes, discs, and your airy flowers. Zinnias are considered a disc or focal flower depending on the time of the year. Basil is another great filler for bouquets, adds a wonderful smell and beautiful greenery. A spike flower like the salvia or any blue flower will make the bouquet pop. Celosia is also considered a "spike" flower, it will give you the color and greenery. Making Extra Money Growing Flowers: How kids (and you) can make some extra money, Flower Farming! It teaches kids the value of the business and getting them involved in the importance of growing. Greg asks, "What is easy to grow for the beginner"? Jennifer suggests starting with Zinnias, the Zinnia is inexpensive, great germination rate, and produces so many blooms. Sunflowers is the 2nd top flower to grow for the beginner. Sunnies can be a "one-hit wonder", like the Pro-Cut Sunflowers. Pro-Cut produces a single stem and single bloom but with so many variations of colors, you will be a big hit at the marker. Most market farmers will get $.75 - $1.25 per stem for the sunflowers. Jennifer suggests doing a "You-Cut" day where you can be open to the public and they can cut their own sunflowers or zinnias, of course, you want to have a larger area for this. Lemon Basil and Cinnamon Basil are great to grow for bouquets; herbs, in general, are great. Think outside of the box!! What Do You Need To Get Started: Knowledge!! Do your research! Jennifer suggests finding a flower farmer that has been doing it a long time. Lisa Ziegler is a great one to start with, she has many books and online classes that you can take as beginners. "It truly is just learning how to start seeds and learning from there, if you can read some books and do some research before you get started, you will already be ahead of the game.", Jennifer states. Knowing what type of nutrients they need, how much water, and have just a little patience and you will be growing in no time! Different Ways To Sell: Pop-Up Markets are great to have at your home. They are great for a "You-Pick" as well. Farmers Market is another good way to sell your flowers but they will take up a whole Saturday (putting up/breaking down your booth, set up, etc.
Row by Row Episode 166: What Varieties Should I Plant This Fall?
39:15We are excited to have Tracy Lee from Sakata Seeds back at Hoss HQ. With over 25 years of experience in the seed industry, Tracey has a wealth of knowledge of seed varieties of which she and Greg will discuss tonight! Insights on Varieties for Fall Planting: What are Brassicas? Broccoli, Kale, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Brussel Sprouts, among many others, are just a few in the brassica family. Broccoli Tracy says " If you are hesitant at first, once you know what variety to purchase and what to look for then you will want to continue to grow broccoli. Broccoli is a very popular and big commercial crop, if you are growing or eating broccoli, there is a 75% chance it came from Sakata Seeds. "Green Magic Broccoli is one of the best varieties to start with if you are a beginner or wanting to have great success in your harvesting. This variety (unlike many varieties) isn't "too" specific, meaning it can be grown almost anywhere and in any climate. It is wildly adapted. It will be your best bet.", Tracy says. "Imperial Broccoli has a really strong root system and is one of the best as far as heat tolerance.", Tracy states. Greg suggests that if you are a beginner gardener or just new to growing broccoli, Imperial is the way to go. Cauliflower Cauliflower gets a bad reputation, it is one of the least grown crops in the home garden. "It can be a little more finicky than a lot of the other cold crops, it is a little more skeptical to heat damage and will bolt as soon as it gets warm. Frost does not improve cauliflower, you want to give it plenty of time to be able to develop ahead before your first frost.", Tracy says. To protect the color of your cauliflower, you can take a rubber band and pull the leaves up around the head when the head is about 3-4", the leaves will shade the head and protect the color of the head. Twister Cauliflower has a bright white head and how it got its name is from the leaves being able to fold up on its own and protect the head without having to rubber band those leaves yourself. It is also a variety that is only available to the home gardener that will do that. A "self-wrapper" variety. Collards Collards aren't picky when it comes to the weather, they are way more adaptable than other plants. Flash collards mature early, you can continue to cut back or "crop" this variety. "You will get a lot nicer, bigger, more uniform leaves with flash collards.", Tracy says. A fun fact on Flash Collard, this variety has become extremely popular for growing baby greens and microgreens indoors. Kale Kale is known as the "superfood." Interestingly, Kale is the most cold-hardy plant. It can tolerate temperatures down to zero degrees Fahrenheit and can withstand snow. Normally, Kale takes about 3 months to mature. The top 3 most popular varieties are Red Russian Kale, Lacinato Kale, and Blue Ridge Kale. Cabbage "Cabbage, in general, will take freezing temperatures but it can affect the texture of the cabbage head.", Tracy says. The Bobcat Cabbage variety is considered a "fresh market" cabbage because it doesn't have that stronger, sharper, or "old-fashion" cabbage taste but it is on the sweeter side. This variety has an extremely dense head. If you get a lot of rain, cabbage heads will split. China Star is Chinese cabbage. The best way to describe it to someone who has never tried it is "tastes like cabbage, feels like lettuce". It has the texture and the look of crisp, romaine lettuce. Joi Choi Chinese Cabbage is a Pok Choi, closely related to the China Star. This variety is very popular to grow and continuously cut the leaves early for salads. A very easy variety to grow and it has since become Sakata's #1 Pok Choi variety to grow and you will want to direct seed it. Kohlrabi Very popular in the mid-west, Kohlrabi (also known as German Turnip), with a taste very similar to a water chestnut. Kohlrabi varieties normally have quick maturity dates.